The philosophy is under minimum in the bookstores. A 16-year-old student can finish compulsory education without having news of Kant. And that deforestation of knowledge, executed by the PP in 2013 with the Lomce (the Organic Law for the Improvement of Educational Quality that suppressed Ethics of 4th of ESO and Philosophy as a backbone in 2nd year of Bachillerato), has also reached the bookstores: in 2017 1,612 titles of this subject were published in Spain, as the INE some days ago. Although the 62,187 new titles that were marketed are the highest data of the last five years, the philosophy has hit bottom with the lowest figure since the ISBN captures data from the publishing industry. The genre recedes in the last seven years, with a drop of 62.4% since 2011, when 4,291 books were published. This does not happen in other disciplines such as history or literature, which grow.
TITLES PUBLISHED IN SPAIN
"It is true. The universe of the readers of philosophy of yesteryear has decreased, mainly in the classrooms ", confirms Alejandro del Río, editor of Trotta, specialized in the matter, who also warns of the cut of the circulation. From the El Buscón bookstore, in Madrid, they comment that there are not as many new features as reissues. "We have problems to determine what are books of philosophy and what tests, chronicles or analyzes of the present," they say in Meta Librería. In both shops they miss new authors and -first key- those who appear prefer to travel to other more popular universes.
"It's the role that is demanded of me." It is a note by Clara Ramas (Madrid, 1986), European doctor and researcher in the Complutense University, where he has dedicated his work to the work of Karl Marx. "We all have many questions, but perhaps it is not understood how an academic discipline can respond to our concerns. Maybe people do not believe that philosophy is the solution. That is why philosophers are asked to find ways to intervene in less academic society. Fewer philosophers, more analysts, "he adds. The editor in Akal of Clara Ramas is Tomás Rodríguez and finds a second hypothesis to that reduction: "It is a good moment for the controversy, but bad for the reflection". It also indicates that theoretical thought is being abandoned in order to approach an analysis of current events of an intellectual, rather than philosophical, nature.
New key: the business. "A consumer essay sells better than hard philosophy. That is why we prefer to be placed at the Politics point of sale, because we believe that the reader is there. The origin of the book does not matter anymore, it matters where it comes from, "says Rodríguez. This is a fundamental change, because publishers prefer to catalog based on who they want to read the book, rather than who writes it.
When the philosophy left the iconic pipe and grabbed the megaphone, it became stained with the street, clogged with cries and discomfort that demanded a long-term emergency solution. That iconic photograph with Foucault and its loudspeaker in front of the Renault factory, with Sartre at his side, in 1972, he launched a prophecy: "The philosopher must intervene in the new spaces. If before they grabbed the megaphone, so now you have to be on Instagram ", says Ramas, who has no profile to change the filter of reality. She herself went out to teach classes in the street, during the movements of the 15-M, in 2011.
That movement transformed everything, according to her, because it demonstrated the need to open up to wider audiences. Far from the academies, far from the caste of thought.
The channels of philosophical intervention have diversified, but without renouncing the theoretical: "We can not lose the book, nor stop tweeting," says the philosopher. Marina Garcés (Barcelona, 1973) calls it "guerrilla philosophy". In his book Out of class (Galaxy Gutenberg) explains that philosophy now aspires to transform life, to become action, which has abandoned the academy to become a guerrilla force, to be diluted in other forms and formulas. To be more accessible, to open up to common problems, not to be neutralized by their own elitism.
Some philosophers have abandoned philosophy to be interlocutors from the margins of thought. For what? "Philosophy is a weapon capable of visualizing and hurting the forms of a thought that tries to obscure the fundamental passion: freedom," says Alberto Santamaría (Torrelavega, 1976), Doctor of Philosophy from the University of Salamanca, who finds philosophy the antidote against the extreme right so that it does not draw in our horizon "the common sense" of which Lorca spoke.
This 2018 has been a year in which the fall of the titles of philosophy has been consolidated while the rise of the extreme right has been confirmed. For that to remain an effective antidote, Santamaría says that philosophy should go through all the teachings of students and future voters, that it should be everywhere and not isolate itself in its own history: "I should cross from Mathematics to Plastics, going through Physics and Chemistry ". To isolate it is to drown it at a time when reflection is urgent.
Ismael Grasa (Huesca, 1968) is a professor of Philosophy at a school in Zaragoza and author of The secret feat (Turner) and believes that it is no longer published for philosophers, which is a section that has been made transversal to touch genres linked to the present. He calls it "anti-intellectual profile" and has new references.
Santiago Gerchunoff (Buenos Aires, 1977), doctor in Philosophy by the Complutense that will publish Irony on (Anagram), notes that critical thinking has moved, "that is living or becoming public in some other space than the book." He has not died because, "like irony", it springs up when speeches with real pretensions are publicly confronted. He believes that there is a margin of hope: "Less philosophy is published, but there is more interest in thinking".
Philosophy lacked street. This new hypothesis is launched by the philosopher César Rendueles (Girona, 1975), who acknowledges that "a large part of the debates we have in the Faculties of Philosophy are incredibly scholastic, in the worst sense of the expression".
"We have turned philosophy into a permanent text comment of dubious intelligibility. I think it would be good for us to breathe a little and relate more closely with the social and natural sciences, to tell more than speculative literature, "explains the philosopher professor of Sociology at Complutense, who believes there is a shift in thought. to other spaces, because "there is a very broad and growing public, receptive to philosophical voices when they choose other modes of expression".
The proliferation in recent years of essays on various aspects of the present endorse these words.