April 11, 2021

The prophecies of Chetan Dube: almost human androids, basic income and a doctor on your watch | Trends

The prophecies of Chetan Dube: almost human androids, basic income and a doctor on your watch | Trends


A year ago, Chetan Dube affirmed that in nine we will not know how to distinguish androids from humans. "I think it will be sooner," the president of IPSoft corrects from the perspective of 2019. Now there are seven missing. By 2025, the boundaries between carbon and hydrogen organisms and silica will be almost imperceptible. This is how this modern prophet sees it.

And that's what he proclaimed when he passed through Madrid, sitting on a leather sofa in a meeting room of a WeWork business center. "This is happening in the world, and Amelia is emblematic of that change in which machines will begin to be companions of humans." Amelia is the fruit of Dube's last twenty years of work. It still has no body, but it is already the epitome of IPsoft's bet for the future. Your most important employee. The only one capable of working at a time in more than 50 multinationals.

The artificial intelligence that gives life to Amelia is the one that takes Dube from sleep since he read the first sentence written by Alan Turing in his thesis: "I propose to consider this question: Can machines think?".

An instant of the interview with the president of IPSoft.

Mathematical training, the president of IPsoft does not seem neither one nor the other. Dress upside down the CEO in sneakers, with jackets of rich fabrics and bows on the edge of extravagance. Perhaps bits and pieces of his brief stint as a professor at New York University.

There will be a doctor on your Apple Watch in five years.

He is planning the future in a hurry, but without giving up the dramatic breaks. "Are not you enslaved? Are you not chained? How much of your time do you dedicate to creative thinking?" He asks. In the future that promises us Dube there are no shackles. "You hardly spend 20% of your time on creative thinking, the rest of you are crossing the street, walking, taking out the trash, vacuuming, making the purchase, and if they let you go, what if you could let the machines take over? of everything?". In your morning, we will not even have to go to the doctor. "There will be a doctor on your Apple Watch in five years, he will diagnose your diseases perfectly, he will take your blood pressure, he will do an analysis without even an incision, he will tell you exactly what you are suffering and he will make sure that a drone brings you the medicines".

She dreams of general artificial intelligence – she has it set for 2030 – but she does not think she can overcome us, at least as far as her clairvoyance can reach. "I can write a program to win you chess, you can be super smart and I'm a stupid machine, I'll win you, I'll exploit all the possible spaces and assign a score to each one, is this intelligence, it's brute force, do you think that with that kind of thinking will we get the cure for cancer? "

While Dube insists that we will still be unrepeatable for a long time, Sophia, the talking bust of Hanson Robotics, continues to circle the world amidst applause and criticism that considers it a false representation of the actual capabilities of today's artificial intelligence. . "I try not to comment on other technologies, but those accusations are true." An Accenture executive expressed it very well: "We are in the age of artificial artificial intelligence." Much of the sector has become a marketing ploy, "he says.

That makes us different? I think then I am

"This is a hard bone to peel, I have spent more than half a decade of my life researching these algorithms, it is really necessary to understand how the human brain works," he insists. Whoever gets it, he explains, will have to endow his creature with something similar to a hippocampus, to store the data that make up the semantic memory. This done, you will need another space for memory related to events, that which we keep in our frontal lobe. And he will still have to reproduce the affective memory, which determines our emotional connections with the environment.

"Why humans rule the planet? There are many more powerful animals, you seem very healthy, but I would not put you in a cage with a lion," he reasons. The answer to this question came to him during a safari in Kenya, on the banks of the Mara River. "Every year, the antelopes go to the same river, there are crocodiles waiting there, and every year they see that the grass looks greener on the other side, so they run towards it, they are killing each other, but they do it every year. That makes us different? Je pense, donc je suis. I think then I exist. "

According to Dube, humans are not running behind the antelopes to the jaws of the crocodiles for the umpteenth consecutive year because we have neocortex. These are the most evolved parts of the cerebral cortex of mammals, which reach their maximum development. "There is human creativity, the area where the reign of the human being is supreme, I do not even understand why we try to fight with the machines in common tasks, we will always lose, we can not fight against them for vacuuming the ground, driving a car or driving an airplane, "he says.

Before we can surrender to the machines and lay down to the bartola we will have to put some rules. "The regulatory framework of some nations is not like that of others.This is cause for concern.We will need a United Nations Charter for artificial humans and have to establish certain fundamental governance of how these beings will be to ensure that no behaviors or behaviors appear. dishonest nations that implement these technologies without respecting what would be good practices, "reasons Dube.

Among the red lines prescribed by the president of IPsoft is the one that protects our privacy, which is already considered compromised in the hands of the major search engines: "We have to establish laws that say that machines can not operate in areas where they invade human privileges" .

Arranged the obstacles, in the future according to Dube will only lack that the governments do their work, so that we do not have to do ours. "There is the concept of a viable minimum income," he insinuates. His recipe? Democratize the fruits of artificial intelligence and redistribute the wealth that would generate a horde of machines working 24 hours. Afterwards, Chetan Dube will be able to go to the beach. Or resume singing lessons from the ones he was cast as a child. Or the dance that he undertook later. And you too.

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