The negotiation of the reform so that the self-employed contribute according to their "real income" advances. The progressive organizations of the UATAE and UPTA collective are in favor of a contribution system based on the earnings of the workers, but they demand a further reduction in the fee proposed by the Executive for the self-employed with lower earnings. The government proposal includes a minimum fee of 184 euros per month in 2031 compared to the current 294 euros per month, in addition to two years of a flat rate of 70 euros per month for the self-employed who start their businesses with incomes below the minimum wage.
The Government proposes new quotas for the self-employed of between 184 and 1,267 euros per month according to their income
This was stated at the negotiating table on Monday by the two progressive associations, linked to the CCOO (UATAE) and UGT (UPTA) unions, to the Ministry of Social Security directed by José Luis Escrivá. Both organizations have focused their claims on the group with the lowest income, as well as on accelerating the implementation of the new system. The Government plans to give nine years of transition, until 2031. "We say that it has to be six at most," says Eduardo Abad, general secretary of UPTA.
For its part, ATA, an association of self-employed workers linked to the employers' association CEOE, has not yet put forward proposals at the negotiating table, while it flatly rejects the new scheme of sections that will make one third of workers contribute more, those with higher profits. After the meeting held this Monday, from ATA they have insisted that the income of the workers be clearly delimited, for which they consider that more information is needed from the Treasury, but they reject increasing the bureaucratic procedures to give more information to the treasury.
How far and to whom to lower the minimum fee?
The progressive associations have opened a debate that should be clarified in the next meetings: how far to reduce the minimum quota of the self-employed in the new system and to whom to apply this lower contribution. Now it is at 294 euros per month and the Government plans to reduce it by almost half, 110 euros less per month in 2031, to the 184 euros per month minimum contribution for workers with "real income" (net income) less than 600 euros per month. month (7,200 euros per year).
It must be remembered that the social protection received by the self-employed – for example sick leave, maternity leave or the so-called 'self-employed unemployment' (cessation of activity) – is calculated based on how much is contributed to Social Security . Therefore, the lower the contribution, the lower social benefits would be generated.
UPTA has already presented a proposal document, last week, in which it demands a "reduced contribution for self-employed workers who obtain net income of less than 5,400 euros per year", that is, 450 euros per month, so that they contribute "for a fixed fee of 135 euros/month". It also proposes creating a special reduced corization, of 90 and 135 euros per month, for artists.
Instead, the organization linked to UGT proposes to increase the proposed quota for the following two income brackets: the group of self-employed workers who earn from 450 to 600 euros per month (5,400 to 7,500 euros per year), from the 184 euros per month of the proposal from the Government to 208 euros per month, and workers with net earnings of 600 to 900 euros per month, from a quota of 245 euros per month raised by the Executive to another of 267 euros per month.
In addition, UPTA proposes adding in the same section workers who earn between 1,125.9 and 1,700 euros per month, which are now divided into three different ones in the Executive's proposal, so that they pay a fee of 352 euros per month (instead of of 352, 413 and 474 euros per month that the Government has proposed).
UATAE still has to conclude its proposal for tranches and quotas, which it plans to present to the Government "in the next few days", but it has already advanced that "it advocates a reduction in the quota for the self-employed with monthly net income of less than 1,700 euros per month, that is, those who are in the lower and intermediate sections", pointed out María José Landaburu, general secretary of the organization.
In UATAE they add another central claim for the organization: to improve social protection in some areas. "We cannot talk about new quotas without talking about the progress of rights and social benefits," insists Landaburu. The organization considers that it is necessary to "comprehensively and thoroughly address the issue of the benefit for cessation of activity, establishment of subsidies for the self-employed under the same conditions as those of wage earners (unemployment, over 52 years of age, over 45 years of age) " and "conciliation measures", among others.
The negotiation will continue next Monday. The Government must have the reform approved before the end of the second quarter of the year, at the end of June, as has been agreed with Brussels in the Recovery Plan. To do this, the reform should reach the Council of Ministers much sooner, to give time for parliamentary processing.