The uphill of autumn has reached the pockets of Spanish consumers with price increases in the energy field They affect, among others, gasoline and diesel, which has re-marked an annual maximum, electricity bill or natural gas rates.
In fact, in order to cope with the current rise in electricity prices and provide more coverage to the most vulnerable citizens, the government approved last Friday a royal decree law that, among other points, extends the coverage of the electric social bond and creates a specific thermal to cover the costs of heating. In addition, it has committed to approve a strategy against energy poverty within six months.
The evolution of the wholesale market suggests that by the end of the year the electricity bill could experience a rise of 3.6% with respect to the previous year so that, for a household with a consumption of about 3,600 kWh per year, the increase could be 32.4 euros.
In recent weeks the price of electricity in the wholesale market has marked several annual highs, the last on September 28 with 75.92 euros per megawatt hour (MWh). Among the factors that are causing this increase is, fundamentally, the price of the emission rights of carbon dioxide (CO2) -which has tripled this year- and of natural gas and coal in international markets. As a result of this increase, the electricity bill for an average user stood at an average of 63.86 euros in September, 14.1% more than a year earlier, equivalent to almost 8 euros per month.
But in addition to the light, the month of October has gone up with an average increase of 8.4% in last resort tariffs (TUR) of natural gas, which are mainly those of domestic consumers, due to the important rise in the cost of the raw material, of 22.7%, since the regulated part of the bill is frozen for 2018 for the fourth consecutive year.
Gasoline and diesel more expensive
But in addition, domestic consumers have noticed the cost of October in fuels, which have increased again in the last week, in which the diesel has returned to mark another annual maximum with 1,250 euros, a price that was not recorded since November 2014. If we look at gasoline, the liter is sold at 1,334 euros, levels of July 2015.
In short, since the beginning of the year the price of gasoline and diesel has risen by 10.16% and 12.92%, respectively.
With the current prices, users have to allocate more than 73 euros on average to fill a 55-liter tank with gasoline and 68.75 euros if it is diesel.
Further, Brent's oil barrel for delivery in December has also escalated in recent weeks. In fact, on October 2 exceeded $ 85, a price that was not seen since 2014, by the persistent fears of investors to a shortage of global supply.
So far this year, the price of oil has revalued around 27%. All this, in a context marked by the uncertainty of investors to the effects that may have the entry into force on November 4 of the economic sanctions imposed by the United States on Iran, the third producer of the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries. (OPEC).