April 11, 2021

The political film of the Goya

The political film of the Goya


If the Goya gala is defined as the great festival of Spanish cinema, it is to be assumed that its protagonists must be from the directors, actors, costume designers to the make-up artists and those responsible for the special effects. However, this has not always been the case. Rather, the ceremony has rarely focused on the films and their makers as main actors. Of the film that year after year is projected we know to the hat your plot. With a script that can be more or less bright, the papers are distributed beforehand. Face to face the box office "Champions", which can give the big prize to Javier Fesser, "The Kingdom", of Sorogoyen, an acid radiography on corruption that will give the odd juicy title, without forgetting "Carmen and Lola", a vindication of the lesbian love between two gypsies that invites the woman to raise her voice. More than 2,000 red fans will be distributed to protest against sexist violence with the slogan "Not one less".

A red carpet that tries to be more glamorous is already joined in the interior a ceremony full of demands and puyas to the government of the day, especially if who is in Moncloa is the Popular Party. Pedro Sánchez will not come. Yes they will do it the Minister of Culture and Sports, José Guirao, and the Minister of Education and Vocational Training and Government spokesperson, Isabel Celaá. Vox has not been invited for not having parliamentary representation, as for others. In addition to lashing out against the «subsidized Spanish cinema», Abascal lamented on Twitter with a «We will continue to see Clint Eastwood». Pablo Casado and Moreno Bonilla, president of the Andalusian Community, will attend, two presences, without a doubt, outstanding.

The first years of the Goya there was some veiled allusion to concrete facts but nothing that made think that it could be before a political trench. The first that did have that look was the 1998, with José Luis Borau as president of the Film Academy showing his hands painted white in protest of the murder in Seville at the hands of ETA Deputy Mayor of the Popular Party Jiménez-Becerril , who was shot in the temple, and his wife, who was shot in the forehead. Borau, with raised hands said: "Nobody, never, ever, under any circumstances, under any belief or ideology, can kill a man." The tone of the party turned into bitter protest.

The San Juan-Toledo tandem

That was the first time, although it was not until the 2003 edition, when he won "Los lunes al sol", by Fernando León de Aranoa, when politics became the owner of the film. It was the "No to War" gala in which two members of Animalario, Alberto San Juan and a then omnipresent and award-winning Willy Toledo took the stage to attack the intervention of Spain in the Iraq war. Pilar del Castillo, Minister of Culture, attended astonished from the stalls. Luis Alberto de Cuenca was the Secretary of State for Culture and the recently deceased José María Otero, the general director of the ICAA. And it was that February night also in which protested by the strike and Luis Tosar recalled with that now famous "Nunca mais" the disaster of the Prestige. Ties, badges, T-shirts, everything was to turn the party into a plea against the Government (of the Popular Party, of course) unprecedented. "Winning the elections is not a blank check. You have to listen to the people », Javier Bardem went down from the stage.

The drums of war were louder than ever and the then president of the Federation of Audiovisual Producers, Eduardo Campoy, came to ask the resignation of the president of the Film Academy, Marisa Paredes, for having agreed to an "anti-government" gala. The head of Culture said the following day in these pages that "those who are linked to the world of cinema have to say what they want the Goya ceremony, which should be a recognition of the most important works of both technical and creative nature" . She did not leave the office and received accessions from the world of cinema. Campoy was not alone either. That gala marked a before and after. 2004 came with another controversy under his arm: "The Basque ball", by Julio Medem, unleashed the protests of the Association of Victims of Terrorism in front of the Municipal Conference Center. «Victims of terrorism against the Basque pelota. The neck against the bullet, "read the banner they carried while they showed stickers against ETA. On the other hand, those who supported the director were also exhibited. At the appointment of 2005 came the then President José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero. It was the first time that a president of Government attended the gala.

In 2008 Alberto San Juan, in his line of battle, offered his award as best actor for "Under the stars" "to the final dissolution of the Episcopal Conference", which had nothing to do with the world of cinema, but that remained. The one in 2011 was the departure of Álex de la Iglesia as president of the house of cinema. His position contrary to the "anti-piracy" Act of Ángeles González-Sinde led him to leave office the day after the gala.

And the 2013 one came with an IVA that climbed from 8% to 21%. José Ignacio Wert, Minister of Culture, had declared himself a "manifestly improbable cinephile" to whom the world of celluloid, where the left is sovereign, had taken him inquisitively. And it seems that the disagreement was mutual. After the 2013 Goya, where they threw him to give, the minister assured this newspaper that "the gala is not a suitable place to make claims, but if they express themselves in a correct tone, obviously you have to accept them, and I assume them without any problem. Now I think that there was some intervention that transcended what is considered a minimum correction tone and not towards me, that I care very little ». Wert did not refer so much to the darts against him and his family (Corbacho received him "only 21%" and Eva Hache asked him how his family was, "and this is not a threat", he added) as to those thrown against him. government. It happened again with the PP in power, this time with Rajoy as president. The other claim came from the hand of the actress Candela Peña, who from the scene asked for work and charged against the cuts in the Health. They also had nothing to do with the world of cinema, but the applause was unanimous. Perhaps not to go through a similar trance the following year the minister excused his attendance three days before the celebration referring to a major meeting in London to not sit in the stalls. Stones rained down on him, but the shower held him at a distance. The following year, 2015 already, he returned to sit down and keep the type. He again became the target of scathing criticism and sharp comments with 21% of cinema's VAT as a pretext. Another one in which the policy was left at ease by the audience. Wert left the Ministry without having the slightest feeling with the sector. No sign. He did not experience it, no matter how much Dani Rovira wanted to gain his confidence from the stage by addressing him as "Nacho."

Minister and conseller

The profile of the minister Íñigo Méndez de Vigo was different. Waist did not lack to fit in 2016 comments with greater or smaller grace in those days soporíferas of Goya that extend until the dawn of the following day. The Popular Party, again in the pillory. Montoro and his lack of attachment to the world of cinema served Dani Rovira to link a few jokes. But it lengthened and the audience resented. "Criticism, scorn, insults, accusations and disappointments," he wrote in his social network. However, he thought about it and accepted a third. That was the defeat.

The following year the Minister of Education, Culture and Sports and spokesman for the Government also attended as the "conseller" of Culture of Catalonia, given that the application of article 155 was maintained in that autonomous community. He spoke from his seat with the presenter and laughed at his jokes about his bulky resume. The good vibes were installed after the combative message of the vice president of the Film Academy, Mariano Barroso: "We are not a sector that lives off the State. We are a sector that generates wealth for the State, "said Barroso who also asked for a state pact for the cinema. Last year the MeToo was felt in the form of red fans to claim the role of women while raising the voice to ask for a greater female presence in the cinema.

Dani Rovira will see the ceremony today from the stalls, since it is Buenafuente and Silvia Abril who will be the presenters of the XXXIII. "I madly, with a lot of desire to do the imbecile as much as I can and Andreu will put common sense," she said. Few hours are left to check how the mood of the sector is and if the recent approval of the decree law of the Government with measures -low of the VAT aside- on the artistic and cinematographic creation returns to that policy of "special affects" now that Carmen Calvo has returned to the government.

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