The Institute of Youth (Injuve) has warned of the “special virulence” of the economic impact that the pandemic of coronavirus is having in the young boys, the group most affected by the crisis: only 33.5% have a job and the activity rate has dropped from 50% for the first time in the last decade.
These are data from the report “Youth at risk: analysis of the socioeconomic consequences of COVID-19 on the young population in Spain”, prepared by the Institute of Youth and the Youth Council of Spain and made public this Tuesday.
The destruction of jobs is not being homogeneous, since two out of three young people are unemployed and a third of those who do have a job run the risk of losing it.
Only 33.5% of boys between 16 and 29 have a job and the employment rate has fallen seven points from the second quarter of 2019.
Between the first and second quarters of 2020, 19.8% of young people have lost their jobs and the activity rate has dropped to 47.9%, since “a large part of the young population, given the impossibility of find a job, give up active job search and he takes refuge in his studies, becoming integrated into the inactive population “.
The Injuve recognizes that even before the crisis, youth was one of the groups with the greatest job insecurity, the longest temporality, the lowest salaries and the highest partiality.
The report “Youth at risk”, which aims to calibrate the consequences that the Covid-19 crisis leaves in the expectations and the employment of the young population, highlights that the employment rate has fallen by 33% and that of unemployment has risen to 30%.
In addition, there was a year-on-year drop in seasonal occupancy of 14.1% in July. And the seasonality has fallen below 50% for the first time since 2014, which implies that many temporary contracts expire or are not renewed.
The Injuve has highlighted, after making these data public, that the economic recovery will be more difficult for young people. The report indicates that these figures reflect a characteristic cyclical pattern of the Spanish productive system: young people are laid off or their contracts are not renewed in times of crisis.
“The current crisis threatens to impact more severely in those non-essential and low-productivity sectors traditionally associated with youth employability, with which, when the ERTEs end, the dynamics of dismissals associated with the precarious contracts of young people can endanger the employability of more than half of the Spanish youth, “the report says.
“Young people are in a situation of social emergency that requires the implementation of measures to not leave an entire generation behind,” the president of the Spanish Youth Council warned. Elena Ruiz.
In the same sense, the general director of the Injuve, María Teresa Pérez, has emphasized that Spain’s great challenge is to incorporate young people into the job market and he has advanced that the Government will present a worthy work plan for them in the coming weeks.