They are convinced that the union is strong and willing to take advantage this maxim for the benefit of their territories. Business associations of La Coruña, Lugo, Ourense, Pontevedra, León, Zamora, Salamanca and Asturias they sealed last Monday in Oviedo what they have denominated Northwest Alliance, a pact that reflects the intention to work together in order to assert the weight of the Northwest in the country as a whole. There are six specific issues on which they will focus their efforts: energy challenges and objectives, both from the point of view of energy production and industrial consumption; logistics and communications, including physical infrastructure, logistics and transport services; the defense of the industry; the promotion of economic activity linked to the rural world; population aging, demography, population dispersion and its impact on people, the economy and the financing of territories; and the management of the natural heritage and its interaction with the economic activity and the human environment.
In short, as confirmed by the president of the Leonese Federation of Businessmen (Fele), Javier Cepedano, what is wanted is "to fight and defend interests that can be shared at a certain time" based on the conviction that "we will always be more grouped than separately, "and that this alliance has to represent a" commitment ", both of the business organizations that subscribe it and of the administrations of their respective territories, because" this is not only a business project, but it is also a project where the own administrations of local, provincial and regional character of each community have to intervene and participate »in order to generate «economic activity», an "economic development".
It is also an initiative that only bets on the sum. This was explained by the president of the Confederation of Employers of Pontevedra (CEP), Jorge Cebreiros, who stressed that this alliance "is not against anyone." "This is a pact for our territory and for our companies, to reclaim that historic gap that these territories have had. The objective can not be negative, and since the historical demands of which we are speaking they come from beyond 25 yearsNor is it a matter of political colors or political signs, "he said.
The strength that is achieved with this union was referred to another of the signatories, the president of the Asturian Federation of Businessmen (Fade), Belarmino Feito. He put the focus on that separately none of the territories that have sealed this alliance "exceeds 2.5% of the weight on the national set in the main values or socioeconomic variables", while grouped set "the fifth most important territory of the country, only behind Madrid and Catalonia and very close to the Valencian Community and Andalusia, and we doubled in weight to the Basque Country» Together they add, in addition, 4.7 million inhabitants; they contribute 9% of the national GDP, with which the weight in the national economy would only be behind that of Catalonia, Madrid and Andalusia; grouped to 10.1% of Spanish companies, with a business network of more than 330,000 companies, and generate 9.6% of national employment, exceeding 1.8 million employed, a number that places only ahead of Catalonia , Andalusia, Madrid and the Valencian Community, according to the calculations made by the Northwest Alliance itself.
The demographic problem
Some figures that in the case of fixing each territory separately would be minimal, especially because they share important problems, as the demographic, with an aging population and low birth rate (its aging rate doubles the national and its birth rate is 6.1 born per thousand inhabitants compared to 8.4 national), have a lower GDP per capita and an economy that grows less (GDP per capita is equivalent to 86% of the national, that is, it is 14 points lower), with small companies (medium and large only account for 0.5% compared to the national 0.8) and low activity rates and employment (only 51.9% of the working-age population is active, 7 points below the national average, which stands at 58.8% and only 43.9% of that population in age of working is occupied, almost 5 points less than the average of Spain, which stands at 48.7%).