In a historic moment marked by the rise of fake news, the crisis of democracy and the rise of populism or the emergence of the movement Me Too, the largest publishing event in Spanish – and the second largest in the world behind Frankfurt – will be more political than ever. Hand in hand with science and culture, the International Book Fair of Guadalajara (FIL), which will be held in Mexico from November 24 to December 2, invites in its 32nd edition to reflect on current society. To promote excellence in the debates, three Nobel laureates will be guests of honor at the event: the 2006 Nobel Prize for Literature Orhan Pamuk, the physicist George F. Smoot and the chemist Mario Molina.
Portugal takes over from Madrid, which starred in the editorial appointment last year, and will be the country honored this year. While the Spanish capital leads editorial production in Spain with almost 20,000 new titles published per year and some 900 publishing houses in operation, the publication figures in the Lusitanian country are slightly lower: some 15,000 new works and 500 publishing firms (of which only 200 are considered active). A great quotation of world literature in the region of tequila will be attended by about 800 authors and 20,000 book professionals to take the pulse of literature in Portuguese, on many occasions underrepresented in the Ibero-American literary scene, despite being a language that counts with more than 200,000 speakers.
40 Portuguese authors will attend the macroevement, among them the FIL prize of Romance Languages of 2008, Antonio Lobo Antunes, Manuel Alegre or Ana Luísa Amaral. Mexican singer Lila Downs, who participated in the film Fados of Carlos Saura, will act alongside the Portuguese Gil do Carmo. All of them will be accompanied by authors of the stature of the Argentines Leila Guerriero and Claudia Piñeiro, the Cuban Leonardo Padura, the Colombian Laura Restrepo and the Venezuelan Alberto Barrera Tyszka.
After five consecutive years in which no Latin American author received the FIL Award for Literature in Romance Languages, the award has returned to American hands this year. The Uruguayan poet Ida Vitale will collect her recognition during the FIL. In addition to the presentation of 620 new titles, among them: Hard dogs do not dance, by Arturo Pérez-Reverte; Not all kisses are the same, by Élmer Mendoza, or Death goes to Granada, by Fernando del Paso-, the IDF 2018 program has a series of lectures on the strength of movement Me Too, which has managed to unite thousands of women who have once been harassed around the world, about the rise and repercussion of fake news, missing news that have managed to affect politics, and the crisis of democracy, among other issues.
In addition to these long-range debates, this year marks the 100th anniversary of the birth of Mexican writer Juan José Arreola, to whom Fernando del Paso will dedicate a tribute. The political thought of Carlos Fuentes will be remembered by the hand of Héctor Aguilar Camín, Sergio Ramírez and Juan Cruz, among others. And it highlights, on the occasion of the presence of Portugal as a guest country, the tribute that will be made to the Nobel Prize for Literature José Saramago, from the hand of his widow Pilar del Río, where he will remember his trip to Chiapas and his political consciousness about Mexico .
The appointment of the Portuguese poet Teixeira de Pascoaes "Or future a aurora do passado " ("The future is an aurora of the past") is the motto of Portugal in the FIL, which will have a pavilion "with an aesthetic concept of openness and reception, of affection for the public. Ceiling reproductions of Portuguese tiles will hang from the ceiling ", explains Manuela Júdice, curator of the Portuguese representation. "It will be an opportunity to meet not only with his literature, but also with his music, his cuisine, his visual arts …", adds Raúl Padilla López, president of the fair.
This newspaper will organize a forum entitled Mexico before its ghosts. The challenges of the country, a look from outside of politics, in which the writers Antonio Ortuño and Fernanda Melchor, the actor Diego Luna and the journalist Denise Maerker will participate and will be moderated by the director of EL PAÍS América, Javier Moreno.
In this year's IDF, 115 million pesos ($ 7.9 million) have been invested to clean up the 34,000 square meters of exhibition where 47 countries will be represented. At the same time, an expenditure on hospitality and transportation of 330 million dollars is expected, according to the president of FIL. The areas dedicated to children -music, clown, theater and puppets-, the digital book, booktubers -Young people who recommend books on the Internet to other young people from their home room-, or to science continue to grow, as well as the space dedicated exclusively to comics, opened for the first time last year.