The "ni-ni" will not come out of unemployment in 2020

The “ni-ni” lose their opportunity to enter the labor market in 2020 due to the employment slowdown. The Youth unemployment rate (33%), one of the most vulnerable groups, has reduced its rate of decline from 12% in 2018 to 7% in 2019, according to an Asempleo report. The rise in the Minimum Interprofessional Salary (SMI) implemented by decree a year ago - up to 900 euros - and the new minimum set just a few hours ago by the Coalition Government - 950 euros - has not made youth employment rise. On the contrary, a report by BBVA Research estimates that the salary increase caused the creation of 45,000 jobs in 2019. To this lost battle, there is the growth of the economy submerged in sectors such as domestic workers and farm workers, negative effects recognized even by the previous head of Social Security, Octavio Granado.

The job prospects of young people do not improve. Although the youth unemployment rate has dropped more than 20 points since 2013, when it reached 55%, one in three young Spaniards (33%) who want to work cannot find a job, a rate that far exceeds the European average for youth unemployment at 14.6%. In the case of the “ni-ni” collective (young people between 16 and 24 who neither study nor work), unemployment reaches 12.8% in Spain, with 534,600 young people, one of the highest rates in Europe, only surpassed by Italy and Greece. Although the demand for poorly qualified profiles has improved the job prospects of “ni-ni,” the Asempleo report notes that their opportunities are still hampered by early school leaving, which has slowed its rate of reduction during the last year and is close to its equilibrium level and, therefore, "without much room for further reduction".

In regional terms, there is a close relationship between early school leaving and the weight of the “ni-ni” collective. The autonomous communities located in the South and East of the Peninsula have the highest values ​​in both indicators while those in the North and Center are in a relatively better position. The president of Asempleo, Andreu Cruañas, believes that 2020 “will be a complicated year” for the labor market “far” from the evolution of previous years and considers that the role of temporary work companies (ETT) should be “decisive” because It would help to “give fit” to groups of difficult insertion.


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