April 11, 2021

The news of the de-escalation that will be active from tomorrow

The Official State Gazette (BOE) published this Saturday an order from the Ministry of Health that sets the conditions for the application of phase 2 of the de-escalation that will be active as of this Monday on the island of Formentera (Balearic Islands), and the from La Graciosa, El Hierro and La Gomera (Canary Islands).

The order also incorporates new conditions for the relaxation of the restrictive measures of the state of alarm in the areas that will remain next week in phase 0 -the Community of Madrid, Barcelona and large urban areas of Castilla y León-, and also in those of phase 1-fourteen communities that make up the rest of the territory-.

Below are the main developments in each of the phases:


– Employment and concentration of people. The order continues to recommend teleworking and incorporates measures that seek to guarantee the protection of workers, as well as to avoid the concentration of people at certain times in the new scenario provided by this phase 2.

– Freedom of movement and social contact. In the social sphere, the order makes the measures that affect circulation, attendance at funerals, funerals and places of worship flexible, and weddings will be allowed for a limited number of attendees.

It allows the Autonomous Communities to authorize visits by a family member to sheltered homes and residential centers for people with disabilities as long as they do not have confirmed cases of covid-19 or there are quarantined residents. They must make an appointment and a maximum of one person per resident can attend.

Measures that affect circulation, attendance at funerals -maximum of 25 people outdoors and 15 in closed spaces-, burials and places of worship -50% of the capacity- are relaxed, and weddings are allowed for a limit of 100 attendees outdoors and half indoors.

– Commerce. With regard to retail trade and service provision, shopping centers and parks may be reopened to the public, restaurant businesses, except nightclubs and nightlife bars, may reopen to the public for consumption on the premises .

The total capacity of the retail trade will be 40% and they must guarantee hours of service with priority service for those over 65 years of age.

The shopping centers will have a total capacity of 30% – within each store center it is 40% – and the use of common recreation areas or rest areas is not allowed.

The order expands the number of positions that can operate in open-air markets to a third of the usual or authorized positions and limits the influx of customers to ensure the maintenance of the social distance of two meters.

– Hotels and tourist accommodation. The public areas of hotels and tourist accommodation may be reopened to the public, that of establishments intended for cultural events and shows, but always with a limit of one third of its capacity and under security measures.

Each establishment must determine the capacity of the different common spaces, as well as those places where events can be held and the safest conditions.

Animation activities or group classes must be designed and planned with a maximum capacity of twenty people.

– Hostelry. They can reopen to the public to consume within the premises of the hotel and restaurant establishments, except for nightclubs and nightlife bars, with a capacity limit of 40%.

Consumption within the premises may only be done sitting at a table, or table groupings, and preferably by prior reservation. In no case will self-service at the bar by the customer be accepted.

The conditions of the terraces remain the same as those set in the order of May 9.

– Culture. Cinemas, theaters, auditoriums and similar spaces can resume their activity with pre-assigned seats and a limit of one third of its capacity and a maximum of fifty people.

The online sale of tickets is recommended, and the provision of complementary services is allowed, such as a store, cafeteria or the like.

In the case of outdoor activities, the public must remain seated, keeping the necessary distance and may not exceed a third of the original capacity or gather more than four hundred people.

The order also sets out the conditions of exhibition halls, exhibition centers, monuments and other cultural facilities. The capacity is one third of that authorized under normal conditions and conditions must be established to avoid crowding.

The order incorporates specific measures for the works associated with the assembly and disassembly of temporary exhibitions.

Libraries may host consultation activities in the room as long as one third of the authorized capacity is not exceeded.

– Sport. People up to 70 years of age are allowed to practice sports at any time, except the specific time periods determined for walks by the elderly.

The criteria and conditions for training in non-professional leagues and for the resumption of professional leagues and the reopening of indoor sports facilities and swimming pools for sports use, are arranged by hourly shifts and by appointment.

The groups that can carry out active and nature tourism activities are expanded to twenty people, in addition to allowing congresses, meetings, business meetings and conferences to be held without exceeding fifty attendees.

The order decides that it will be the Higher Sports Council that will decide the number of people who will be able to access the stadiums and pavilions in which the professional competition takes place “because they are necessary for the proper development of the same.”

– Recreational pools and beaches. The conditions are also established for the opening of recreational pools to the public, which will have a maximum capacity of 30% of the facility’s capacity and by appointment.

Also those of the transit and permanence on the beaches, where sports, professional or recreational activities are allowed as long as they can be developed individually and without physical contact, with a minimum distance of two meters between the participants.

– Conferences. Congresses, meetings, business meetings and conferences are permitted in congress halls, conference rooms, multipurpose rooms and other similar establishments and facilities. The cap is 50 attendees and it is urged to promote non-attendance participation.

– Investigation. The order establishes the conditions and the maximum capacity for the return to activity of the residences of research, scientific and technical personnel.


– To make the restriction measures in phase 0 zones more flexible -Community of Madrid, metropolitan area of ​​Barcelona and part of the territory of Castilla y León-, the order modifies another one published on May 3 to establish new conditions in the opening of the public of shops and services, as well as archives, and on the practice of professional and federated sport.


– The order also eases the restriction measures for phase 1 areas – all the territory except the Community of Madrid, the metropolitan area of ​​Barcelona, ​​part of Castilla y León and the four islands in phase 2-.

– Commerce. The order allows retail and service retail establishments and premises to open even if they exceed a useful exhibition and sales area equal to or less than 400 square meters, on the condition that they limit the space that reopens to the public to that maximum limit.

– Hunting and sport fishing. Hunting and sport and recreational fishing are permitted.


– The order also introduces a third additional provision on commercial or promotional actions that authorizes discounts at commercial establishments “accompanied by measures aimed at ensuring that there are no crowds that prevent the maintenance of the safety distance, compliance with the capacity limits, or that compromise the rest of the measures established “in the order.

If these rules are not complied with, adds this provision, businesses must carry out the “immediate cessation of the aforementioned commercial or promotional actions if necessary”.


– The order dictates that the municipal, regional or special police inspection services, each within the scope of its powers, will be in charge of monitoring compliance with the measures and instructing the sanctioning procedures.


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