Reach a turning point: this is what is intended with the climate action summit convened by the UN in New York, a world event dotted with political divergences and civil pressure, which Spain arrives well prepared, leading a coalition social and political
The UN Secretary General, António Guterres, has called on all leaders to attend the New York summit with concrete and realistic plans to improve their contributions at the national level by 2020, with the aim of reducing emissions from greenhouse gases 45% in the next ten years and zero by 2050.
Despite international pressures, this September 23 summit aims to mark a jump in the global commitment against the climate crisis, taking into account that countries should review their climate ambition in 2020 - as requested in the 2015 Paris Agreement - and that the cry of youth mobilized in the streets around the world seems unstoppable, said the acting minister for the Ecological Transition, Teresa Ribera.
This meeting should "push" the countries "in unison" in the fight against the climate crisis, said António Guterres, although aware that the meeting "will not solve everything."
Spain will lead along with Peru in this event a coalition of climate justice that will give priority to air quality, fair transition and gender equality, although one of the main protagonists will be China, which will have to explain how to meet its decarbonization objectives for the middle of the century.
Ensuring clean air, as promoted by this coalition with more than thirty countries and some sixty cities - forty Spanish - is "one of the bastions" of the meeting, said Ribera, one of the government assistants to this world summit, along with the president of the acting Spanish Executive, Pedro Sánchez.
The great novelty - according to Ribera - is the attitude of young people who demand "their right to receive an inheritance" that can be managed, and not go down in history as mere "witnesses of the great destruction" of the planet.
These are some of the most relevant points to not miss out on the ins and outs of this global climate summit:
1. Who will attend New York?
The summit will bring together governments from 60 countries, as well as representatives from the private sector, civil society, local authorities and other international organizations with the aim of moving to global environmental action with more ambitious solutions to improve climate plans by 2020.
2. What are the goals of the summit?
Increase the contributions made by the countries in the Paris Agreement of 2015 in which the decarbonization of the economies is considered in the second half of this century. Specifically, it is hoped that the States commit themselves to reach climate neutrality in 2050.
For this, it is recommended to involve markets, public and private financial entities, civil society and public administrations, especially cities, in climate control.
The UN does not propose this meeting as a negotiating space between States, but focused on identifying concrete actions by governments, and only those countries that present commitments to increase their climate ambition can intervene at the summit.
3. What does Spain contribute?
Spain has been designated by the UN due to its commitment to decarbonization to lead one of the summit's priority coalitions, the one referring to climate justice, after identifying nine areas of action related to especially important sectors in the fight against change climate.
4. How does youth influence this summit?
The "Greta factor" is how the impact that the effect of the protests that began in 2018 the Swedish teenager Greta Thunberg, inspiring a stream of youth mobilizations through the weather, which this Friday dragged millions of people around the world to manifest itself, within the framework of a global strike.
The young activist, who is in New York, will require the UN on September 23 effective measures against the climate crisis, a gesture that could further exacerbate the spirits of young people and environmental activists outraged by the lack of forcefulness of governments .
Coinciding with the summit, a week of youth mobilizations in parallel has been convened in more than a hundred countries and a thousand cities between September 20 and 27, within the framework of the "Global Climate Strike", promoted by the activist movement Fridays for Future Youth (FFF).
In Spain, the mobilizations will culminate in a youth and consumer strike on September 27, to which unions and environmental associations have joined.
5. Geopolitical winds contrary to this summit
According to the latest data, the heads of state of the US, Brazil or Australia do not expect to attend the summit, while deforestation rates continue to rise in countries such as Brazil, Indonesia and Africa.
6. The state of the oceans, a key report
The panel of experts of climate crisis or IPCC of the UN will present on September 25 a new key document on climate impacts in the oceans and the cryosphere, and whose results seem to be bleak and shocking, according to leaks to the press.
. (tagsToTranslate) summit (t) New (t) York (t) inflection (t) climate