The new Congress will inherit four constitutional reforms, three bylaws and the renewals of the CGPJ and RTVE

The new Congress will inherit four constitutional reforms, three bylaws and the renewals of the CGPJ and RTVE

With the dissolution of the Cortes Generales, on March 5, hundreds of parliamentary initiatives that were in process declined, but proposals coming from autonomous communities, popular legislative initiatives (ILP) and those requests or proposals that citizens refer to the Petitions Committee.

According to the definitive list of matters that the Bureau of the Permanent Deputation has approved to transfer to the new Cortes, collected by Europa Press, the next Congress that will be constituted on May 21 will have to process 14 texts sent by autonomous communities: six of Navarre , four from the Balearic Islands, two from Galicia, one from Asturias and another from Catalonia.


Specifically, that of Catalonia seeks to recognize and expand rights and establish measures in favor of those who suffered persecution or violence during the Civil War and the dictatorship, and one of the Navarra aims to regulate the use of cannabis.

Precisely Asturias, Balearic Islands and Navarra are the three proposals for reform of the Constitution that are on the waiting list for the next term. Asturias seeks to expand citizen participation in consultation laws, both through the popular legislative initiative and the referendum. Data from 2014, so it is 'in the fridge' from the X Legislature, the absolute majority of the PP.

The Parliament of Navarre provided two proposals for constitutional reform: one to "shield" the updating of pensions as "minimum" according to the increase in the cost of living and recover the purchasing power lost since 2013, and another to take the confessional religion out of the school curriculum. On his side, the Balearic sent a fourth reform to the Lower Chamber so that Formentera can choose a senator of their own, regardless of what the island of Ibiza chooses.


With the end of the XII Legislature the reforms of the Statutes of Autonomy of Murcia, Cantabria and the Balearic Islands have also been frozen to eliminate the measurement of their parliamentarians. The objective was that the candidates to the autonomic elections did it already without this protection, by which deputies and senators are not judged by the ordinary courts but only by the Supreme one.

The debate on the aprofraction of politicians took center stage last year due to the intention of the Government of Pedro Sánchez to present a constitutional reform to eliminate this prerogative. However, the idea did not translate into a proposal.

But in the case of the regional deputies it is each community that must take the initiative and several did. The Canary Islands, Murcia, Cantabria and the Balearic Islands reformed their Statutes of Autonomy and sent them to Congress for approval, but only the first passed all the procedures and has the reform already in force.

The new Congress will also have in its portfolio five popular legislative initiatives, among which are the salary equalization of the Police and the Civil Guard, as well as the Reports of the General Prosecutor's Office of the State and the General Council of the Judiciary regarding 2017, the Annual Report of the Nuclear Safety Council, four agreements between autonomous communities and all petitions that citizens send to the Petitions Committee.


Also pending is the renewal of the Council of the Judiciary (CGPJ), whose mandate, of five years, expired on December 4. The negotiation of the new vowels began to be carried out last fall and, in fact, the PP, the PSOE and Podemos came to agree that the Supreme Court justice Manuel Marchena succeeded Carlos Lesmes.

But the fact that this name was made known before even that of the own vowels - who are the ones who elect their president - sparked a controversy that increased several days later when a 'whatsapp' of the PP spokesman was known. the Senate, Ignacio Cosidó, where he presumed that with Marchena as head of the CGPJ could control the Second Chamber of the high court "from behind". The negotiation was completely truncated once the magistrate himself decided to renounce his candidacy.

Another of the issues that must activate the next Congress will be the public tender to renew the ten members of the Board of Directors of RTVE. This process began in August of last year with the opening of the deadline for the presentation of candidacies and with the appointment of the Committee of Experts, the group that evaluated the candidates and chose the most suitable, whose names were known on December 18. .

These had to pass first through the Appointments Committee and, later, be endorsed by the majority of Congress and Senate, although these last steps could not be completed before the dissolution of the Cortes.


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