The MIT and Harvard assure that they did not elaborate the report that determined the closing of Castor | Companies



The soap opera of Beaver keep going. The representatives of Escal UGS, which owned the underwater gas warehouse owned by ACS, with 66.7%, and the Canadian company of the same name, 33.3%, presented yesterday morning to the Ministry to the Ecological Transition, a document in which they demonstrate that the report of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) and the Harvard University they did not prepare the report that served as the basis for the former energy minister, Álvaro Nadal, to proceed in May 2017 to Castor's hibernation "given its danger". Also, they insist with several studies that, in front of the thesis of that ministry, "the seismicity did not have its origin in the fault of Amposta".

Contrary to the general belief, of what was stated by the Energy and what is included in the own web of Ecological Transition, the 2017 report was prepared by the MIT professors Rubén Juanes and the Harvard John H. Shaw, on a private basis and not on behalf of these institutions. This is demonstrated by the letters from the respective deans sent to Escal, which accompany the letter that the company presented yesterday and to which it has had access Five days.

This indicates that "it has had occasion to confirm that, what apparently is a report of some prestigious institutions such as MIT and Harvard University, is not really a work of these universities. The highest representatives of both have confirmed to Escal that none of these institutes has issued any official report on the storage Castor ", an installation located off the coast of Castellón". Which, adds Escal, "allows us to further question its elaboration process."

The report, which cost 600,000 euros (paid by Enagás) and was a requirement of the Royal Decree-Law of 2014 of financial rescue of Castor (partially overturned by the Constitutional Court in December 2017), was presented at the time of a press conference by the then Secretary of State for Energy, Daniel Navia, with the presence of their authors. It concluded that the earthquakes triggered after the initial gas filling of the warehouse in October 2013 had their origin in "the destabilization and stress" of the great failure of Amposta, in front of Tarragona.

After its hibernation and several legal proceedings that have blocked the payment via gas tolls, both the cost of its maintenance by Enagás and the debt of 1,350 million euros To creditor banks, the current Government has announced its final dismantling. To avoid new problems, the State Lawyers are studying the most appropriate legal path.

In his letter, Escal regrets not having had knowledge of the content of that report, whose conclusions, "were finally drawn up by the Nadal team," say industry sources. In this sense, the company states in the document registered with the ministry that it never had knowledge "of the type of information that was made available to the authors of the report."

Criminal cause

In view of its result, Escal has commissioned a group of experts a technical review of the report of Juanes and Shaw. This report, according to the review, "contradicts the conclusions reached by all the groups of scientists who have published studies on this subject (IGN 2013, Cesca et al 2014, Gaite et al 2016, Ruiz Barajas et al 2017 and Saló et al. 2017) is wrong and manifestly neglected. "

He also adds that "the main results are inconsistent (contradictory and incompatible) and invalidating the study. " And that the thesis that the earthquakes occurred in the Amposta fault, "contradicts instrumental observations and therefore must be refuted," he stresses, adding that "the report has not followed the basic scientific procedure of a peer review".

Escal also criticizes the previous report of the Geological and Mining Institute of Spain (IGM) of 2014, at the request of the Government. This was supported by the Office of the Prosecutor when it filed complaints that gave rise to the criminal case a court of Vinaroz continues against the company. This one laments in his writing he had to "support all the effort to discredit the content of said report and demonstrate the errors that were included and that were finally recognized by their authors in the judicial branch".

Given the decision of the ministry to dismantle the installation, with a cost of more than 100 million of euros, Escal asks the department that directs Teresa Ribera that it contrasts with the technical review it provides and with the rest of the studies. Ultimately, their goal is to separate the decisions to hibernate or dismantle Castor from "erroneous" reports that limit a political decision that exempts the company from criminal responsibility.

It states in its letter that it has had to "support all the effort to discredit the content of said report and to demonstrate the errors that it included and that were finally recognized by its authors in the courts".

A controversial report

The professors Rubén Juanes, of the MIT, and the one of the University of Harvard, John H. Shaw, that were contracted by the previous Government so that they determined the safety of Castor, closed in 2013 after the earthquakes caused in their gas filling, said have resorted to standards that were not available until then in Spain.

Thus they exonerated the political leaders who authorized the construction of Castor, as well as its promoter. "Ours is a postmortem study using new paradigms, since before it was not possible to determine the effect of gas injection," they said at the May 2017 press conference at which their report was presented.

He warned that its implementation "would further destabilize the failure" [atribuyeron los movimientos a la falla de Amposta], with earthquakes that could reach 6.8 on the Richter scale. In short, regardless of its scientific rigor, the report covered the back of the Government in its decision to close or dismantle.

Escal UGS, promoter of the plant and no longer active (it is maintained while the judicial process is resolved in a court in Vinaroz) says, has lashed out against a report, allegedly from MIT and Harvard, which served as the basis for Castor's hibernation .

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