August 8, 2020

The misuse of technologies is aggravating the signs of dyslexia

The misuse of new technologies and the "rush" for children to learn each time to read and write is aggravating the difficulty of attention that comes with dyslexia in many children, according to the speech therapists consulted by Efe on World Day of This learning disorder.

The experts of the Professional Association of Speech Therapists of the Community of Madrid warn of this situation that people with dyslexia are going through, a disorder whose prevalence is between 5 and 10%; that is, in a class of 25 children at least one has this disorder that is related to academic performance.

Ana Salvador, a member of the education committee of the College, delves into it: "tablets, mobiles, electronic devices help and make progress when used well, but if they are used constantly they can cause, especially in children suffering from this disorder or that of attention deficit, greater impulsivity and also frustration. "

"If these children already have ballots of having these difficulties, this plays against and the children begin to notice that they are different," says this speech therapist, who recalls the main problems in the learning of people with dyslexia: difficulties with reading, writing and reading comprehension.

Their abilities are normal, but they have certain obstacles to use the vehicles for access to learning – reading and writing – and they suffer more now because, according to Salvador, "the issue of letters is already getting into Infant, when in that school stage you have to work different things, such as temporality, forms or body system. "

According to these experts, it is going very fast in these learnings because it is intended that children leave as a third of Infant, when they begin to evaluate, knowing how to read and write, and for those who have some type of dyslexia or other type of disorder "This is tremendous."

Between 40% and 55% of school failure is led by students with learning difficulties, including dyslexia, and this causes low self-esteem, anxiety, depression or behavior problems in children.

Therefore, the earlier the diagnosis is, the sooner the learning can be adapted and the interest improved, and this would prevent these health problems in children.

There are early indicators from third of Infant that allow to identify the dyslexia, but according to the speech therapist, they are not being used in many schools because – he assures – "there is a total ignorance in this area".

"If the teacher notices something strange in the child," he explains, "he should refer him to the school's guidance team. Normally, classroom teachers usually do it, but they can't help him if the guidance team, made up of psychologists and pedagogues among others , doesn't put a tag on it. "

But early indicators are given even before children begin to learn reading and writing. "We must banish the famous phrase of 'already speak' when we are facing a child who barely makes sentences at two and a half years, since that delay can be increasing."

"Motor clumsiness" is another indicator of a possible reading problem, which should be considered as needing more support if, for example, the child has had difficulty learning colors, numbers, days of the week or has problems To focus your attention.

Dyslexia has a hereditary and a neurobiological component, because there have been cases in which some "language genes" were altered and others in which certain areas of the brain of the left hemisphere were involved, involved in language processing.

It is born with dyslexia and it will not disappear, but from speech therapy, according to Salvador, bridges can be built so that the person faces reading and writing more successfully.

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