The Marrakesh summit where the Global Pact on Migration will be adopted will have the presence of two thirds of UN member countries, but the absences of important nations demonstrate the enormous controversy that the issue arouses throughout the world.
Countries of such weight as the United States, Italy, Australia or Israel, as well as several Central European countries (all of them "net recipients" of emigrants), have announced that they will not join the pact and will not go to Marrakech, claiming that they fear a loss of sovereignty or criticizing that the document does not distinguish between legal and illegal emigration.
Morocco, which hosts the meeting on December 10 and 11, assures that "many heads of state and government" will attend the summit, but without giving names, and that is the trickle of absences -the last those of the Dominican Republic and Slovakia – makes you fear for the success of the appointment.
The Pact will be "a non-binding document", insist on repeating those responsible for the UN, and its head the High Representative for Migration, the Canadian Louise Arbor, who at the end of November warned the non-signatories that they should analyze " where (their attitude) leaves them as international actors. "
Arbor lamented that "certain forces" – which he did not cite – have taken over the discourse on immigration in several countries, and called for the debate to be limited to "facts", in addition to underscoring that the Covenant does not contain specific obligations and therefore does not Attempts against national sovereignty.
He referred to the alarmist discourse on emigration that has settled in many countries of the world, beginning in the United States, where its president Donald Trump has made immigration control one of the great flags of his mandate.
If in the electoral campaign one of its star and most controversial issues was the construction of a wall with Mexico, now faces the caravan of 7,000 emigrants who come from several Central American countries and who has promised not to allow them to enter, threatening to prevent them with shots, if necessary.
In the face of Trump's strong-hand speech, the European Union has not been able to have a single voice before the Marrakesh summit, and the cacophony is total among the many countries that form it when it comes to tackling the migratory approach.
It is the countries of central Europe – Slovakia, Hungary, Bulgaria, Czech Republic and Poland – that most strongly oppose the Pact, while Italy has said that it will not join him "for the moment", leaving the door open to do so in the future, and Belgium, for its part, suffers internecine struggles in its government precisely because of this issue.
In front of them, countries like Germany and Spain will give an explicit support to the Pact with the presence in Marrakech of the German Chancellor Angela Merkel and the Spanish Prime Minister, Pedro Sánchez.
A few days before the adoption of the Pact, the European Commissioner for Immigration, Dimitris Avramópulos, still called on countries opposed to the Pact to "reconsider their position," since the Pact, "he said," is a clear signal to our partners in Africa of we really want to cooperate on an equal footing with them "to face the migration challenge.
With a more forceful and less diplomatic language, the UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), Filippo Grandi, recently lamented in an interview with Efe the look that the migratory issue is acquiring in Europe.
Grandi noted that "the current political language," particularly that used by certain parties, "is ruining" the concept of the right of asylum, which is something "proper to European culture", and "is part of the foundational values "of the European Union (EU).
The head of UNHCR made reference to the alarmist talk about emigration, if not openly xenophobic, which is gaining ground in countries of Europe and around the world and has allowed right-wing parties to access several governments and promote very strong policies from them. restrictive with migrants.