The little black plover that displaced the surfers of a beach in Galicia, bird of the year | Society
The patinegro plover, qualified in Spain as a vulnerable protected species, it measures about 15 centimeters from the beak to the tail and weighs about 40 grams. This little bird was responsible for the change of place of the Spanish surfing championship last year because it breeds in areas of the Coruña coast of Ferrolterra, specifically in Doñinos beach. The Federation Spanish surfing explained In a statement they understood as one of their "priorities" the correct conservation of their places of practice, spaces that year after year see "how they degrade due to misuse". The competition moved to the beach of A Frouxeira.
Now SEO / BirdLife has made him the ambassador of the problems suffered by species by the degradation of coasts and wetlands Spanish after a popular vote, which has displaced the Montaguan harrier, which has been in second place, and the royal shrike.
The Plover, which lives in areas with silt, is distributed in the Iberian Peninsula by the Mediterranean coast, the Atlantic coast of Andalusia and some points of the Galician coast, as well as in various towns of the Andalusian and Castilian-Spanish interior, as well as being in the Balearic Islands and Canary Islands. SEO / BirdLife has taken into account the special fragility of the species, because there are areas where its population has fallen by 70% in the last 10 years.
The biologist of the NGO Juan Carlos del Moral clarifies that the last national census that exists, in 2007, gave a population estimate of 4,500 couples. The decline they point to is based on partial counts that are still being made in places like Málaga. This year they will try to repeat the complete census. The specimens that live in Spain are sedentary and do not migrate, although the population of northern Europe does, so that in winter they are concentrated in Spain between 8,000 and 9,000 copies.
"With the chorlitejo we want to highlight the problems that exist in coasts and wetlands due to poor management and overexploitation of aquifers and climate change," explains Del Moral. The NGO highlights mass tourism and some forms of leisure on the coasts that are a nuisance for the birds during breeding season, so that they can lose lay. To this is added the uncontrolled construction on the coast, the mechanical cleaning of the beaches, the domestic cats in semi-freedom or loose dogs. The abandonment of traditional salinas also aggravates its reproductive failure.