We can want to be green (although without leaving the purple). The PSOE wants to be an echo, but eco-socialist. The left tries to seduce a green movement that appears as apolitical: the young people who will demonstrate this Friday against inaction in the face of climate change. More than one million voters are at stake than in 2014, when, for example, Podemos was born, they were 14 years old. It is the Z generation that did not live on 15-M, but has been politicized on 8-M and now is expected to shout at the same time. Friday for the Future. Both groups have openly shown support for this movement, still uncertain in Spain. Although the two parties defend their environmental pedigree.
In the case of the PSOE, they argue that the interest of the President of the Government, Pedro Sánchez, for the environment is not circumstantial or circumstantial. In January 2013, the president replaced Cristina Narbona in the seat, from which he inherited the spokesperson in the Commission for the study of climate change in Congress. A responsibility he played for a year and a half. "A few days after I had gone to the Nuclear Safety Council I had it in my office. I was beginning to be an economist who saw the importance of ecology, "says the Minister of the Environment (2004-2008).
In the hands of Narbona, now president of the Socialists, Sánchez has introduced environmental sustainability as one of the lines of his project. For the first time, ecosocialism appeared in a strategic document of the party as an "essential guarantee of a secure, just and lasting progress".
The program of the PSOE for the municipal ones raises the ecologism as a differentiating element. "One of the problems of the European social democracy and the environmental discourse is that it has left this agenda in the hands of monothematic parties, very minority and those that were not seen with capacity to manage. That the PSOE includes it in its project makes it acquire a relevance that until now it did not have ", reflects Óscar Puente, mayor of Valladolid and coordinator of the program for the local elections.
We can in this struggle with the socialists account, again, with the alliance with the ecological party Equo. The confluence United We can proposes the Green Horizon Planin search of a reduction of emissions of 50% in 2030 and 90% in 2040 with respect to the current ones. Equo, in its proposed Climate Change Law, on which this plan is based, proposed a decrease of 35% compared to 1990 for 2030 and up to 95% in 2050. To achieve these objectives, they propose an annual public-private investment around 2.5% of Spanish GDP. This initiative that was not processed in the Congress establishes the objective of generating 80% of the consumption of electrical energy through renewable sources.
To achieve these objectives, they propose an annual public-private investment of around 2.5% of Spanish GDP. "This new model will create hundreds of quality jobs, increase innovation, recover migrated talent," said Echenique.
Juan López Uralde, responsible for Equo, has been among the first in approach students. "We have to make our proposals attractive, any attempt at political cooptation ends up destroying this type of initiative," he says. Unidas Podemos has tied its measures to international treaties and figures that are among the exponents of young people aged between 18 and 24 years. A sector of the population that in the last elections of 2016 accounted for 10% of their votes, according to the barometer of the post-election CIS.
The PSOE has made explicit its support to students this week. "We unite and support the young people who have decided to rebel. They scream that they do not resign. We make our cry with measures, with science and with determination ", is the message of the campaign that socialists have launched in networks.
The Socialists approved a major climate program in the Council of Ministers in February, two months after the deadline set by Brussels for the countries of the Union to send their environmental plans. The plan carried out by the Ministry for the Ecological Transition of Teresa Ribera includes a draft bill that contemplates a 20% reduction of greenhouse gas emissions in 2030 compared to 1990 levels. And a draft energy plan and climate, which places the share of renewables in electricity generation in 2030 at 74%.
These measures (articulated in the preliminary draft, a draft energy and climate plan and a draft of a just transition strategy) have not been implemented and will depend on the Executive that comes out of the 28-A elections.