Tue. Apr 23rd, 2019

The lack of support makes the Paraguayan women who denounce macho violence retract

The lack of support makes the Paraguayan women who denounce macho violence retract



The lack of resources and support of the environment, as well as the difficulty of "breaking the bond of affection" of Paraguayan women victims of sexist violence, makes a "great majority" of them retract within a few hours of denouncing their aggressor, as explained to Efe by two experts.

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So far in 2019, the Special Unit for Combating Intrafamily Violence in Asunción has received more than a thousand complaints from women victims of sexist violence, although "a very high percentage" of them "retracts on the same day", according to indicated to EFe one of the prosecutors of the Unit, Liliana Zayas.

The prosecutor explained that, for that reason "the urgency to do errands in the first 24 hours", because frequently, "when I quote the victim, I come without any trace of violence or if there is, denies the origin" of the wounds and the woman "is positioned as an advocate for her aggressor."

Karina Pérez, one of the forensic psychologists in the Unit, said that they are also important factors for the woman to retract, "the lack of support networks" and the fact that they have "very fragile personal resources" to face the judicial process.

"These factors mean that the person can not keep what they have just reported," he said.

She added that although "that state of violence does not depend on her, she believes that she does, she believes that it is her responsibility and that, to return with him and retract, he will change.

In that sense, Pérez warned that a social awareness is necessary so that the victim does not incur those thoughts after denouncing, but warned that such awareness "is not yet installed" in the country.

In addition, he stressed that to prevent the victims from falling apart, even though the Prosecutor's Office acts ex officio, the victim "needs accompaniment" throughout the judicial process, which can be extended between 2 and 3 years, a period during which "the person can not live in constant fear".

Therefore, he advocated the creation of an entity that has "technical equipment exclusively for the psychosocial accompaniment of the person", which should be composed, "at least", by a psychologist and a social worker, as well as by a lawyer who "I will guide and facilitate the processes."

The psychologist explained that victims find it difficult to break the cycle of violence in which they live, since "in most cases they come (to denounce) after several episodes" violent.

"The relationship of domination and submission," he said, "causes the victim to forgive (his aggressor) again and again" and that, "within his cognitive scheme, the person justifies the acts of violence, until they reach the point of guilt "for every violent event that suffers.

Situation that "gets bigger" when women have children, he said.

However, in some cases a point of inflection causes them to go and denounce their aggressor, "for various reasons", one of the main ones is "to avoid the suffering of the children, or when they are also violated," Pérez said.

He also stressed that the support of the environment "is fundamental" because in many cases "when they listen to the relatives who give their support" and make them see the violent situation in which they live, they are encouraged to go to court.

For its part, prosecutor Zayas stressed that the fact that these violent situations reach the criminal system "means that other institutions are failing, specifically those committed to prevention," as well as the education system.

"The only possible solution for this scourge is to reinforce education", focused on "equality", he warned.

He stressed the importance of making the problem visible because "the figures speak for themselves", since in 2019, according to official data, there have been 15 confirmed cases of feminicide, although there are four others to be confirmed.

He also stressed the importance of denouncing, and indicated that in 2018 "we closed with 13,000 complaints and, it is not that there are more cases, but that they are encouraged to denounce more," he said.

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