The lack of social dialogue and the gaps in productivity are obstacles in the construction of a better future for work, said in an interview with Efe the director for Latin America and the Caribbean of the International Labor Organization (ILO), José Manuel Salazar-Xirinachs.
It is essential to build "democratic governance, because if the policy is not aligned and there is no common vision, working together is very difficult to move forward," said Salazar-Xirinachs, as part of the inauguration on Tuesday in the Panamanian capital of 19 quadrennial session in America of the ILO.
Within the range of issues and problems affecting work, "there is a lot of concern about productivity, there are some big gaps" in Latin America and the Caribbean, "which are pointed out in the report of the Director General" of the ILO, Guy Ryder, "with respect to the leading countries."
"The Inter-American Development Bank calls this the tragedy of Latin America, the Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC) calls the Achilles heel of regional development, productivity gaps," he specified.
There are gaps also in "education, in professional training, these are central issues in which we must redouble effort," insisted the regional director. "We have to reinvent," he said.
The ILO is committed to promoting tripartism and cooperation among countries to resume the path of development with social guarantees in the region.
Building a better future of work in Latin America and the Caribbean also has "very broad" economic responses, we must review the growth model, the rates, the relationship with job creation, the situation of labor markets that " unfortunately "they suffer the slowdown," he said.
"There is an important economic component and what needs to be done is to promote higher growth, more sustained, more inclusive, more sustainable, that is a block of issues," he specified.
Another issue is "respect for labor rights, this is fundamental, we are talking about the conventions of the ILO, the ratifications by the countries of all the normative acquis, and there are issues of freedom of collective association, the problem is that there has not been enough progress in this, "he said, and even warned that not only occurs at the union level but business.
"That concern is not new, it has been for a long time in terms of freedom of collective association, there are countries with problems, which has led to complaints before the ILO," he reiterated.
The eradication of child labor, forced labor, comply with the Convention 169 on indigenous peoples, is about "respect for fundamental rights," said Salazar-Xirinachs, former Costa Rican Minister of Commerce and "brain" in the organization of the ILO continental meeting, which will address these issues.
On the other hand, in the meeting in Panama, the future of social security will be addressed in the context of a panel that will promote formalization at work, "coverage for all unprotected groups, financing", which impacts fully to the formulas of providing social security, he explained.
They will discuss, he said, "about the digital economy, its relationship with labor competencies and skills", will bring together experts, who will analyze the progress of automation, robotics, pedagogy, artificial intelligence, and what this implies for employment, for employability, for training systems ".
In addition, the more than 500 participants will analyze until Friday the policies of productive development, which are "where is the tool box to be able to influence the growth patterns" and will subscribe a declaration of commitments to fulfill, according to the ILO.