The majority of new HIV infections in the United States in 2016 were caused by people who were undiagnosed, or who knew but were not receiving treatment, according to a report from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) released today. .
According to the report, about 80% of new cases were caused by the contagion of 40% of those who did not know they had the human immunodeficiency virus or were not under medical care.
Authorities estimate that about 1.1 million people had HIV in the United States in 2016, of which 38,700 were new infections, the report says.
"This new information shows the tremendous impact we can have in terms of helping all Americans living with HIV, knowing their rapid diagnosis to receive treatment ...", said the director of the CDC, Robert Redfield, after giving to know the findings of the investigation.
The report, which was presented today during the National Conference on HIV Prevention, highlights the importance of diagnosing and treating the virus to prevent the risk of transmission.
"We have an unprecedented opportunity to end the HIV epidemic that affects the United States, we must eliminate the notorious gap that exists in prevention and treatment (...) and we must start now," said the Deputy Secretary of the Department. of Health and Human Services of the United States, Brett Giroir.
A CDC report published in February said that the gradual decrease in HIV infections registered in the United States has stagnated and the number of new cases has stabilized in recent years, to stand at 38,700 in 2016.
The report, which provides the most recent data on HIV trends in the country from 2010 to 2016, showed that after five years of substantial declines, the number of infections began to stabilize at about 39,000 per year as of 2013.
The Government recently announced a program called "Ending the HIV epidemic: A plan for the United States", whose objective is to focus in principle on the geographic areas with the highest incidence of the virus, to reduce the number of infections by 90% in ten. years.
According to data from the CDC released earlier this year, Hispanics and African-Americans are disproportionately affected by the virus; the former reached 26% of the cases diagnosed in 2016 and the latter reached 44%.