The Judiciary warns of an 18% rebound in victims of sexist violence in the first quarter of the year

The number of women victims of sexist violence has increased in the first quarter of the year to 40,481 -17.85% more than in 2021-, while complaints have also experienced an increase of 19.33%, according to data from the Observatory against Domestic and Gender Violence published this Monday.

During the first quarter of 2022, the courts for violence against women received 41,765 complaints and registered a total of 40,481 female victims, data higher than those of the first months of 2021 – even under the consequences of the COVID-19 health crisis , and also above the figures for the first quarter of 2020, when the state of alarm had not yet been decreed.

According to data from the Observatory of the General Council of the Judiciary (CGPJ), during the months of January, February and March, the judicial bodies issued 7,684 protection orders (17% more than in 2021) and 75.69% of the sentences handed down (a total of 14,599) were convictions.

In addition, during the first quarter of 2022, 833 measures were adopted consisting of the suspension of the visitation regime, 270% more than a year ago, thanks to the application of the Organic Law for the comprehensive protection of children and adolescents against the violence.

For the president of the Observatory, Ángeles Carmona, the increase in the number of complaints shows that the victims trust more and more in the institutions, in the judges, in the State Security Forces and “in the protection network that between all of us we try to weave around it that, in the vast majority of cases, saves lives”.

More complaints filed by third parties

Between the months of January and March, 41,765 complaints of gender-based violence were registered, almost 20% more than a year ago, while the percentage of complaints filed by the victims was very similar to those of previous quarters and those filed by relatives they remained at a very low percentage and even decreased significantly from 2.23 to 1.58%.

On the contrary, the percentage of complaints filed by assistance services and third parties in general increased (2,024), which has gone from representing 2.83% of the total in 2021 to the current 4.85%, while complaints from the Armed Forces of State Security represented 14.55%, with a slight increase compared to the previous year.

There were 40,481 women victims of sexist violence, 17.85% more than in 2021, and in 66.51% of cases, the victim had Spanish nationality.

The number of women who have suffered abuse per 10,000 rose to 16.7 (2.5 more than a year ago) and above the national average were the Balearic Islands (22.8), Murcia (22.6), Valencian Community (22.2), Andalusia (20.2), Canary Islands (19.5) and Madrid (18.3).

Below are Cantabria (15.1), Castilla-La Mancha (14.2), Navarra (13.7), Asturias (13.4), Extremadura (13.1), Aragon (12.9), Basque Country (12.8), Catalonia (12.7), La Rioja (12.5), Galicia (11.6) and Castilla y León (10.6).

In the period analyzed, 9.41% of the victims availed themselves of the exemption from the obligation to declare, the lowest percentage registered by the Observatory.

The protection orders adopted by the courts rise

The protection orders adopted by the courts of violence against women and by the guard courts totaled 7,684 (seven out of ten requested), a percentage eight points higher than that registered a year ago.

The violence against women courts issued 6,488 (69.8% of the 9,297 that were requested), while the duty courts agreed on 1,196, 75% of the 1,598 that were requested. In 49.9% of the cases, the partner relationship (spouse or emotional relationship) was maintained at the time the protection order was requested.

Two out of every three women who requested protection were Spanish and 2.4% of the total (both Spanish and foreign) were minors, percentages very similar to those of the previous year. The courts also agreed on a total of 14,417 criminal judicial measures to protect victims (women and minors), 2.64% more than in 2021. The most frequent were restraining orders (5,621), which represented 64.46 % of the total, and the prohibition of communication (5,510), 64.47%.

The suspension of visiting regime grows by 270%

The judicial bodies issued 4,274 civil measures (18% more than in 2021), whose purpose is the protection of women and minors while criminal proceedings are resolved. The most frequent were those related to the provision of food (18.88% of the total), and with the allocation of housing (15.18%).

Regarding the suspension of the visitation regime, these have grown by 270%, going from 225 in the first quarter of 2021, to 833 in 2022, an increase that for Carmona represents "further proof that our judges they comply, as is their duty, with the established legality and are highly sensitized and aware of gender violence.”

The suspension of the visitation regime accounted for 11.78% of the civil measures adopted and the suspension of guardianship and custody, 7.09%. The courts of violence against women also agreed on 35 specific measures for the protection of minors to avoid danger or harm.

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