83% of Spanish citizens fully trust vaccines against COVID-19 according to a study presented today, 6 months after the campaign began with the injection of Pfizer / BioNTech to Araceli Hidalgo placeholder image in a nursing home in Guadalajara. The data has been collected by the Spanish Foundation for Science and Technology (FECYT, Ministry of Science), and the percentage of 83% adds two groups: 32.8% of those surveyed, already vaccinated; and 49.9%, who are “totally sure” that they will put it on as soon as it is available. In July 2020, when there was still no approved drug, only 32% responded “with complete confidence” their intention to be vaccinated in the same survey, which has been done periodically these 12 months and which analyzes the evolution of vaccine reticence its associated social factors.
The reasons why in Spain there has been less reluctance to vaccines
The field study of these latest results, 2,100 interviews with people over 18 years of age, was carried out from May 3 to 21, 2021. Evidence that attitudes towards vaccines against COVID-19 are “not stable”, they have fluctuated in the time during this period, explained Josep Lobera, professor of Sociology at the Autonomous University of Madrid and coordinator of the report. Also taking part in the presentation were Raquel Yotti, director of the Carlos III Health Institute, Pablo Simón, professor of Political Science at the Carlos III University of Madrid; It was moderated by Pampa García Molina, chief editor of the SINC Agency.
“Trust and fear are directly related,” said Lobera, speaking about these associated factors and the good response of Spanish citizens. that has stood out among that of the European Union. Spain has practically 100% of its elders with the complete guideline, while the average for the European Union is 80%. 80% of those over 40, the age cohort for which the communities mostly goYou have come to get your dose and you already have it. The favorable predisposition has been increasing little by little throughout the entire pandemic. In July 2020, 32% had total confidence; in January 2021, 58%; and between May and June 2021 it already stands at 83%.
Among other reasons why it has been rising, Lobera has indicated that it has inclined people to see how another population (in the first place, those over 80) were being vaccinated, and also in other countries; The lack of polarization of the process has also had something to do with it. In the US states with the greatest support for the leader of the Republican Party, Donald Trump, who publicly expressed doubts about vaccination, there have been “more skeptics” about vaccines, Simón recalled. “There is no direct correlation” in this phenomenon, but political leanings “mark.” In Spain, no party has openly asked its electorate not to be inoculated.
Currently, only 3.4% are sure not to wear it in any way. The main factors that influence those who do refuse to prick are: the belief that vaccines are not safe; complacency (the perception that when the majority are vaccinated they will no longer need to be vaccinated); individualistic values (they have measured it through the importance of the assertion; “I would get the coronavirus vaccine if with that I help protect my elders”); and the conspiratorial mindset around COVID. Despite the good data, 58% of those questioned say they have seen or heard messages in the media that encourage them not to get vaccinated. Related to the latter, on conspiracy theories: 27% claim to have heard or seen them on television, 34%, through social networks.
25% believe “firmly” that there are secret organizations that greatly influence political decisions, and only 17% believe “firmly” otherwise. Almost a third (31%) consider masks to be “bad for your health”, only 16% firmly believe that they are not. About 8% firmly believe that vaccinating minors is harmful, 35% think that this is not the case.
The figures in this report coincide with those obtained by the Sociological Research Center (CIS). In its September barometer, sOnly 40% of citizens wanted to put their dose “immediately”, as soon as it was available. In November, it even fell to 36.8%. The approval of the European Medicines Agency to the first company that had it, Pfizer, was in December.
The FECYT survey also asked about the relaxation or not of prevention measures, especially about the physical distance of 1.5 meters and the masks. In May, with the state of alarm over and referring to the last month, only a third of the population (32%) said they had strictly avoided social contacts, twenty points less than in January. And only half of the population (49%) claimed to have avoided or been able to strictly avoid being in closed spaces with other people outside their sphere of coexistence. The main factors associated with not complying with prevention measures are: non-compliance with the measures due to their closest social environment; lack of trust in health institutions; have a low level of studies; and be a man.
This week, Spain will receive a record number of doses so far: 6 million among the four approved companies (Pfizer / BioNTech, Moderna, AstraZeneca / Oxford and Janssen / Johnson & Johnson). 33.6% of citizens, more than 15 million, already have a complete regimen (two doses or one in the case of Janssen); 51.4%, more than half, at least one dose.