More than 19,000 people improved theirLabor conditionsin 2018 thanks to theLabor Inspection in the Canary Islands. The Minister of Employment, Social Policies and Housing of the regional government,Cristina Valido, presented the annual balance in labor material and ensured that the improvement of the procedures used by the inspectors has allowed to surface 4,725jobswho were in the underground economy. Similarly, 2,208contractstemporary changes were transformed into indefinite, which represents an increase of 31% compared to the previous year, and theworkdayof a total of 2,528 part-time contracts, 17% more than in 2017.
Valido affirmed the good relations they have with the business sector and with the unions, they have allowed them to "detect irregularities incontracts, improve the social protection of many people, as well as their health and safety conditions in the jobs ".
The sectors in which the most submerged economy is detected are the hospitality, commerce and services sectors. For this reason, Valido said that the Ministry has an "important commitment" to strengthen the inspection because "in the Islands these activities have a great weight in the economy and it is necessary to have a strong control of the hiring, given the unemployment data that we have".
The Territorial Director of the Inspection of Labor and Social Security of the Canary Islands, Francisco Guindín, explained that in 2018 they carried out more than 60,000 actions, 3.5% more than the previous year, which translates into an average of 180 performances daily in the Archipelago. According to the Minister of Employment, the increase in inspections is not due to more offenders, but because "the procedures we are using to determine the companies that are visited are becoming more refined and cross-data between administrations points to the companies that have a very high probability that they are in a situation of fraud "
As explained by Valido and Guindín, these "good results" have been achieved thanks to the implementation of some measures by the Government as theMaster Plan for a Decent Work, carried out in the second semester of 2018; the Plan of Shock against the abuse and fraud in the use of temporary contracts, the control of the working day in part-time contracts; as well as the application of the Extraordinary Inspection Plan, the result of the collaboration agreement between the Ministry of Labor and the Ministry of Employment.
The Labor Inspectorate imposed 5,386 penalties throughout 2018 and its amount exceeded 33 million euros. In this sense, the counselor wanted to recommend to companies that it is important to comply with the law because "the sanctions and responsibilities of employers who have people without a contract are serious enough to try to continue with that line."
For this year, the Labor Inspectorate plans to carry out more than 60,000 actions in compliance with the more than 27,000 orders for scheduled services and, soon, will have the incorporation of five new labor sub-inspectors.
Last year the highest number of notifications ofoccupational diseases, an increase that Guindín justified by saying that it is not due to a greater work-related accident rate, but rather that it has been possible to improve the identification procedures of the diseases derived from the exercise of the professions and, therefore, it is possible to solve problems that previously They were not detected.
On the other hand, Valido valued the extension of the catalog of occupational diseases by the General Directorate of Labor and the Canary Institute of Occupational Safety (ICASEL). "This catalog has served as a basis for national recognition of problems such as epicondylitis or carpal tunnel as ailments associated with professional work," said the area councilor, who recalled the "intense work" that has been done to improve working conditions in the hospitality sector.
Finally, she took stock of the improvement of the equality plans "to achieve equity in the fulfillment of labor rights between women and men" and highlighted the creation of the Mailbox Lila, "a tool that allows to communicate anonymously any situation of inequality that I can witness. "