The problem of "inequality in the distribution of income" is generated "in the center of the world of work", is not a tangential issue, and has to do with respect for minimum conditions, said today in Panama the general director of the ILO, Guy Ryder.
In the framework of the start of the 19th American meeting of the International Labor Organization (ILO), Ryder acknowledged that the concern about "concentration of income, lack of equity" goes through the "lack of recognition" of the effort from the workers.
"Latin America continues to be the most unequal region in this world, despite the notable advances that have been made, I always think it is a mistake to consider that (this circumstance) affects the world of work, (so) it is generated in that world, when we address fundamental rights at work. "
In his meeting with the journalists of the continent, the general director insisted that "the inequality and concentration of income and wealth is a subject that has much validity in this region more than ever."
For the ILO, when the minimum wage tripartism is discussed "the very roots of the problem are attacked, it is very important to build strong labor market institutions that allow a better distribution of income, we have to value the work more, "he said.
Ryder said that in the conference, which will last until next Friday with half a thousand participants from 34 countries of the continent, will be evaluated what has happened in the workplace in the last four years, since the previous appointment in Lima.
He acknowledged that there is "uncertainty" because the region "after 2014 entered a cycle of economic slowdown, contraction and slow recovery, everything has influenced the behavior of employment."
He explained that "unemployment is important, the lowest rate occurred in 2014, when it was 6.1 percent" on average in the region (throughout the Americas, he clarified), "since then it climbed persistently to 8.1 percent in 2017, the highest in a decade ".
Ryder said that in the first half of 2018, "unemployment climbed to 8.8 percent, we thought the upward trend would stop, but no, it is expected to go down in the second half, but it is unlikely that the negative tendency is reversed, it is worrisome. "
He added that another challenge in America is informality, which is a global, complex, heterogeneous problem that demands "creative solutions and specific policies to address it because it reaches 53 percent of the employed population, including the primary sector, and affects some 140 millions of people on the continent.
Another problem is unemployment and gender equality "where progress has been made", but despite this "the unemployment rate for women is 11 percent, above the 7.8 percent of men, or be 1.4 times that of men, "he explained.
The good news is that female participation in 2017 reached 49.8 percent, with a tendency to grow in the world of work, Ryder said.
Regarding youth employment, he described, "the priority is to look for work for young people, the ministers tell me, more than 18 percent is the regional average of youth unemployment, it is estimated that 40 percent of the unemployed are young, Youth unemployment rate triples that of adults and 6 out of 10 young people only find employment in informality ".