The House of Columbus, in the capital of Gran Canaria, hosts the exhibition until February 26 Martin Luther and his world. An exhibition project promoted by the Isabela Foundation and in which the Canarian Government collaborates, and with curatorial Elvira Roca Barea addresses the complexity of the work of the German theologian and the cultural, religious, political and social relevance he has had in Europe.
The sample that occupies three of the halls of the Casa de Colón is articulated around a total of 15 sections through 70 high-quality reproductions from posters, engravings, flying leaves and other materials from the time of Luther from various European and American museums and institutions. The route proposed to the visitor shows the complexity and cultural, religious, political and social relevance that the Lutheran work has had in the peoples of Europe throughout the 500 years that have elapsed since it publicly exposed its Questioning the Power and Efficacy of Indulgences.
In October of 1517, Luther He planned a debate on the practice of selling indulgences, but as no one participated in the discussion, he decided to send his thesis to the cardinal. Alberto de Bandeburgo, elector and archbishop of Mainz.
At the same time, he stuck his 95 theses on the door of the IChurch of All Saints of Wittenberg, that at that time was like a kind of billboard, has indicated Óscar Bermejo, representative of the Isabela Foundation, that collaborates in the sample.
The measure sparked a debate that shook the foundations of the Church and with the help of the relatively newly invented printing press, Martin Luther was able to spread his message quickly. On the occasion of the 500th anniversary, the Casa de Colón, together with the Government of the Canary Islands and the Isabela Foundation, offer the exhibition Martin Luther and his world, which will travel by roaming other islands such as Lanzarote, Fuerteventura, Tenerife and La Palma, once its exhibition period in the Gran Canaria capital has been covered.
The route that is proposed to the visitor begins around the humanistic context that surrounded the time of Luther.
"A German nationalism strongly nationalist and rejection of the Latin, considered as corrupt and immoral, according to the curator of the exhibition", Elvira Roca Barea.
The longest and most complex of the thematic axes that structure the exhibition focuses on the propaganda media that served both for the expansion of the Reformation and for denigrating the enemy, embodied in the figures of the Pope and the emperor, in a context in which Lutheran propaganda was a novelty.
"Protestantism was a political problem that was expressed through religion, its origin has been described as a 'train clash' between the Spanish empire and emerging nationalisms and becomes the first manifestation of Germanic nationalism, very aggressive and intolerant ", according to Roca Barea.
The sample that arrives in Gran Canaria is totally oblivious to any religious-type approach, "since what is proposed is a journey, as faithful as possible, for the historical reality of those years as well as for the life and work of Martin Luther", says the curator.
Thanks to the printing and collaboration of a large group of artists of the time, numerous engravings were created, caricatures that were distributed in churches, squares and taverns, some of which are exhibited in the exhibition, his curator has indicated.