The Government will begin in 2022 to count feminicides outside the couple as sexist violence


The Government plans to start on January 1, 2022 an official statistic that records and considers as sexist violence cases of women killed by men who are not their partner or ex-partner. This was announced by the Government delegate against Gender Violence, Victoria Rosell, in an appearance to present the “Together” campaign, which the Ministry of Equality has designed for the next 25N, International Day against Sexual Violence. The ministry is finalizing this “feminicide statistic” which was announced at the end of 2018 with the murder of Laura Luelmo in Campillo (Huelva).


The Government negotiates with the parliamentary groups to renew the State Pact against Sexist Violence

The Government negotiates with the parliamentary groups to renew the State Pact against Sexist Violence

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“It is a debt, a commitment that has dragged on for years and that we are going to carry out from next year,” said Rosell. The idea is to include cases of murders that occur with a gender motive even if the perpetrator does not have or has had a sentimental relationship with the victim, for example, those that occur due to sexual violence. Currently, the Ministry of Equality offers an updated account of the murders of women perpetrated within the framework of the partner or ex-partner, as contemplated by the 2004 Law on Gender Violence. There are 1,118 since 2003.

The current statistics “is a benchmark at a European and international level”, the delegate recalled, that “it will be respected as it is”, but to which another record will be added. For this, the Executive has maintained a consultation process with experts and specialized agencies, the Office of the Prosecutor and the European Institute for Gender Equality, Rosell has detailed, who has insisted that it is being finalized and that all the details will be given soon.

The categories that will incorporate the statistics will be several: one of intimate violence, the same that is currently registered, and vicarious violence, which counts murdered sons and daughters since 2013; another on sexual violence, which will include cases of women murdered after being sexually assaulted or victims of trafficking and sexual exploitation; one of family violence and another of social violence, which will bring together “the rest, but always for gender reasons.” It would be the case, Rosell has exemplified, “of a co-worker, an employer or a neighbor, as happened in the case of Laura Luelmo.”

The objective “is to start it up as soon as possible”, but even so, there are subcategories “and some cases” that “still raise doubts” and work continues with the European Institute for Gender Equality and the experts. However, the detection of these cases in which the perpetrator is not the partner or ex-partner is not so immediate, since it requires the analysis of the gender component that may affect each crime.

A feminist claim

The statistic was announced for the first time at the end of 2018, when the then Delegate of the Government against Gender Violence, Pilar Llop, today Minister of Justice, began the first steps to make the count. Overcoming the concept imposed by the Comprehensive Law against Gender Violence became a social and feminist demand that was amplified with the discovery of the body of Diana Quer, murdered when she returned home alone and with signs of sexual assault, on New Year’s Eve in 2017.

This approach, in fact, is included in the State Pact against Gender Violence, approved in September 2017, which contemplates the collection of data on other forms of sexist violence beyond the partner or ex-partner.

Also the General Council of the Judiciary began to take steps in this direction and for the first time included in its analysis of annual sentences cases of murders and homicides in which gender made the victim vulnerable. Thus, it incorporated nine judgments of women killed in 2016 by men who were not their partners or ex-partners, including a prostitute killed by a client or the case of a woman killed by a man after refusing to have sex with him. However, the Observatory against Domestic and Gender Violence also announced that it would include data on complaints about these types of violence, but this has not happened.

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