The Government wants to eliminate in three years the voluntary internships of interns in companies

In fits and starts and quite far from the consensus between the Government, employers and unions, the negotiation for the approval of the new Scholarship Statute advances. A rule with which it is intended to substantially modify the role of the youngest in companies and whose central axis is that these interns contribute like any other worker and that the company compensates them for the expenses generated by attending the position. In summary, the law sponsored by the Ministry of Labor and Social Economy seeks to protect the figure of the intern in companies to avoid situations of precariousness and abusive practices, although it is encountering strong resistance to seeing the light under an umbrella of consensus. At the expense of the social dialogue table meeting again at the turn of the summer, the last meeting held at the end of July did not leave a good taste in the mouth, at least for the employers, very far from the proposal that the Executive transferred to the parties to the negotiation. Among other issues, the ministry led by the Vice President of the Government Yolanda Díaz wants to give a period of three years to eliminate all voluntary internships of interns in companies, the so-called extracurricular internships. These extracurricular internships are those that are carried out under the protection of a training center, either Vocational Training (FP) or a university, but with a clear voluntary nature, since they are not part of the study plan. Contrary to curricular internships, which allow them to be validated by optional or compulsory subjects depending on what the study plan determines. They are the first, which the student requests voluntarily and without academic compensation, the practices that the Government wants to eliminate within a period of three years, while the law will establish substantial modifications on those of the curricular modality. Restrict the activity Beyond this specific point of the law, the business sector has already put foot in the wall before a regulation that they consider restrictive in terms of the possibilities that the company can offer a student in the face of their employability once it is finished academic training. Thus, employers allude to the fact that the possibility of extracurricular internships has a mainly training meaning, since on many occasions they serve to fill training positions that become vacant through the curricular offer. Employer sources tell ABC that as the Government's proposal was left at the last meeting in July, the CEOE would not be willing to support the measure, so they expect some movement from the Government in the coming weeks that will allow positions to be brought closer . Among the novelties that are introduced is the obligatory compensation by the company of the expenses generated for the student during the internship. Something that does not seem to have generated discrepancies, unlike the quote associated with these students by the company. One of the pending fringes is to know if finally one of the contributions to Social Security is for unemployment, which would generate, unlike now, the right to unemployment for scholarship holders. In addition, among the latest additions to the text is a bonus in the Social Security fee of the worker who has an intern in his charge. According to elEconomista, in the latest versions of the draft with which the Government is working, this aspect was included without encrypting the volume of the deduction. This, according to the proposal, could be equivalent to the working day that the tutor of the interns allocates to their training. Precisely, this aspect is permeated by the entire law, since it is clearly established that the figure of the intern is that of apprenticeship within the company. One of the aspects that business sources criticize the text to ensure that the law is based on a principle of bad business practices towards students that must be eradicated. In fact, the Vice President of the Government and Minister of Labor and Social Economy, Yolanda Díaz, explains about the measure in the making that this law will prevent scholarship holders from occupying an activity that involves either all or part of the job. "It's a fraud of law, the misuse of scholarship holders is over," she says. That is why another of the aspects that the law regulates is the maximum number of students that can be in charge of the same tutor employee. Specifically, the document establishes a maximum of five interns for each tutor, while in companies with less than 30 workers it is limited to a maximum of three interns per tutor. Furthermore, in no case may the total number of interns exceed 20% of the total volume of the workforce. MORE INFORMATION The companies will be obliged to compensate the expenses of the scholarship holders who are in practices. It should be remembered at this point that according to the figures handled by the UGT and CC union centrals. OO. In Spain, more than 800,000 students are inserted in companies as interns, whether they are paid or not. The new law will force the company to contribute in both cases at least for common and professional contingencies, while, as mentioned, the contribution for unemployment remains in the air. "The commitment of the Government of Spain is to fight against precariousness, we are aware that a great scourge in precariousness has the name of an intern in our country", Díaz recently pointed out.

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