The government will foreseeably approve this Tuesday the Waste and Contaminated Soil Bill, which introduces new fiscal instruments such as a tax on non-reusable plastic packaging and incineration and the deposit of waste in a landfill. The future regulation, which will replace the current law of 2011, aims to reduce the impact of certain products of plastic in human health and the environment, with special attention to the aquatic environment, in addition to regulating the legal regime of soil decontamination.
In accordance with the polluter pays principle, the text will establish new taxes, one of them to non-reusable plastic containers, at a rate of 0.45 euros per kilogram, and another to landfill and incineration, which may range from 1.5 euros to 40 euros for each metric ton. Likewise, it will include among its proposals the reduction of food waste by at least 20% in 2030 compared to 2020, with measures such as the promotion of donations and other ways of food redistribution.
It also provides, among other measures, to reduce by 2030 15% of the waste that citizens generated in 2010, with a reduction in half of food waste in homes, and to increase municipal waste rates by 5 percentage points every 5 years from 2020, until reaching 65% in 2035.
The law will also address other issues such as the prohibition of the destruction of non-perishable surpluses, the promotion of drinking water consumption, bars and restaurants will be obliged to always offer tap water, premature obsolescence and the separate collection of biowaste in 2022 for local entities with more than 5,000 inhabitants and in 2024 for the others.