May 13, 2021

The Government saves the decree of the 11,000 million but is abronted by all the opposition


MADRID

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Rapapolvo of Congress to the economic vice president Nadia Calviño for the decree of the 11,000 million. What theoretically should have been the validation with general consensus of the expected aid plan, after a year of pandemic and severe economic crisis, has turned into a cascade of criticism and reproaches from the groups to stimuli that «are not late, if not very late ”,“ they are clearly insufficient ”and“ they leave out thousands of affected companies ”. Government has thus achieved a bittersweet validation of the plan that includes 7.€ 1 billion in direct aid, with the favorable vote of PSOE, Unidas Podemos and ERC; the abstention of PNV, PP and Citizens and the ‘no’ of Vox.

Criticism for the exclusion of many companies, which will be left out for not belonging to one of the 95 activities selected in the royal decree law, has been general among political groups. Precisely today Cepyme has denounced that more than 2 million SMEs will be excluded by the sectorial requirements imposed, which will mean that the 59% of Madrid SMEs in distress they will not have aid and 56% of the Catalans.

Calviño has defended himself by ensuring that he “is aware” that other sectors apart from those directly benefited by the decree “are having a bad time”, but he has shielded himself in “Objective criteria” from the impact of the pandemic and has assured that he hopes that the reactivation of the economy as a whole will cause fewer and fewer sectors to meet these requirements.

One of the words that has been heard the most in the lower house this morning has been “responsibility”, to which many groups have seized to justify their abstention and even their support. The PNV has shown itself especially hard, that already these days ago he showed his doubts about the norm and the forms of the Government. His deputy Idoia Sagastizábal has disfigured the Executive with his lack of negotiation and his strategy of placing the groups before “the dilemma of all or nothing.” “Today, some of those who vote ‘yes’ do so with resignation. Because something is better than nothing, “he said. The Government’s preferred partners have criticized him for not taking into account in his management the unequal way in which the crisis is affecting the sectors in the different territories, for which he has asked him to “listen and negotiate before approving the measures.” .

Also from the popular ranks, the deputy Elvira Rodriguez He has argued that they voted for abstention due to “responsibility” despite the “delay” of the decree, which “leaves out many sectors” and establishes a “complex procedure” for the communities to channel aid. “Only 95 of the 538 branches of activity may receive direct aid: 355,713 companies of 2.2 million and 1 in 3 self-employed,” Rodríguez criticized.

Another of the great parliamentary supporters of the Government, ERC, has spoiled both the times and the bottom of the norm, although it has also pulled “responsibility” to argue its ‘yes’. “He is late and bad,” said the deputy Joan Capdevila, who stressed that the rule is approved a year after the crisis broke out and after “pressure from all sides.” “The measures were urgent and necessary, but the limitation to some sectors is not equitable, it is not justified because only some sectors are singled out and it cannot be ruled out that the level of aid is insufficient. Thousands of companies are going to be left out ”.

The tensions that existed within the coalition during the design of this norm have been felt again today in the Plenary. “It has not been easy to get this decree,” he said from United We Can Pablo Echenique, who described the 7,000 million in direct aid as “very good news.” Of course, he has remarked that the “text is not perfect”, so they will try to modify it to guarantee that most of the aid goes to SMEs and the self-employed “and not to large corporations” and also to “eliminate aid to parasitic sectors such as betting houses and add some that are missing ».

The dart to Vice President Calviño, with whom the relationship has become very tense in recent weeks, has been clear. Echenique has related the delay of the decree to the “repetition of the eternal debate within the Government between those who want to return to austerity as soon as possible and are suspicious of public investment, and on the other hand, the big heads that we insist that austerity is a failed measure ”, alluding to the minister.

From Ciudadanos, Maria Muñoz has focused its criticism on the system of distribution of funds, “clearly ineffective”, which puts the success of the aid at risk. “They can be as notorious a fiasco as the minimum living income.” For her part, the deputy of Vox Patricia wheel He justified the group’s ‘no’ due to the delay and scarcity of aid, which “mortally wounded” many companies and freelancers.

The decree law contains 7,000 million euros in direct aid, of which 2,000 will be for the Canary Islands and the Balearic Islands, which may be used to pay fixed expenses, supplier debts and to pay other financial and non-financial creditors. The access conditions are harsh: companies must have suffered a 30% drop in their turnover and have generated these obligations between March 1, 2020 and May 31, 2021 and come from contracts prior to the date of entry into force of this royal decree-law, and provided that the drop in billing is at least 30% compared to 2019.

The vice president has focused her defense on the government’s global effort against the threat of the pandemic. According to Calviño, the Executive has mobilized 29,000 million euros of public resources to support companies, which represents 2% of GDP. Calviño has recognized a “clear slowdown in activity”, so “it is essential that in these complicated weeks ahead we do not lower our guard” and has promised to maintain the coverage of the approved measures throughout the year. Specifically, he has cited the ERTE, which “will extend as long as necessary”.

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