The Council of Ministers has approved reduce to 20 the number of days needed in the field for access to the unemployment benefit, as well as for agricultural income to temporary agricultural workers residing in the autonomous communities of Andalusia and Extremadura, and has Bonus conversion of eventual agricultural contracts to indefinite or fixed discontinuous In this sector.
The reduction of the peonadas, which is included in the Royal Decree Law by which urgent measures are adopted in the field of agriculture, fisheries and food, is carried out after having found a decline in olive production, together with the difficulties caused by the tariffs imposed by the United States and the climatic causes, which have been an aggravating factor in the activity of the agricultural sector.
As the Government recalls, these circumstances have had an impact on the decrease in the employment of temporary agricultural workers in the autonomous communities of Andalusia and Extremadura, which have reduced the number of days quoted, "essential requirement to access the subsidy."
The Executive believes that the conditions are met to regulate the reduction of the minimum number of steps required for access to unemployment benefits and agricultural income.
On the other hand, the Council of Ministers has also approved to include in the Royal Decree Law that adopts certain urgent measures in the field of agriculture, fisheries and food, the mechanism for converting temporary contracts of temporary agricultural workers into indefinite contracts, which It also includes discontinuous landlines.
This mechanism was already included in the Royal Decree Law on urgent measures of social protection and the fight against job insecurity during the workday.
However, the objective of this measure is to try to encourage work in the field to be more "stable" and combat the eventuality and the temporary nature of agricultural work.
Thus, companies that transform temporary contracts with workers belonging to the Special System of Agrarian Employees of the General Social Security Scheme, including discontinuous fixed ones, may be discounted the business quota for common contingencies.
In fact, they can distinguish their amount according to the framework of the worker and the mode of contribution (monthly or by actual days worked).
Greater bonus to women
In addition, the Government has reported that the bonus will be greater in the case of the conversion of contracts for women agricultural workers, with the objective of combating the gender gap.
On the other hand, the Executive has also announced that it modifies the access of the Labor and Social Security Inspection to the accommodation and rest places made available to the agricultural workers by the company, located outside the work centers.
The goal is to combat some of the "extreme" conditions that are occurring in some workplaces. The Labor and Social Security Inspection may enter and review the conditions of these homes, even if they are outside the normative place.
The Government has ensured that the regulatory change is totally respectful of the inviolability of the domicile, since "it does not alter the need for the express consent of the people who live there or the judicial authorization" and is in line to guarantee working conditions " worthy ”and reinforce the idea of decent work.
This measure is intended to respond to the complaint made by the United Nations rapporteur on the situation of "extreme poverty" in which eventual farm workers in Spain live.
The UN special rapporteur on extreme poverty and human rights, Philip Alston, recently said that the situation of strawberry pickers in Huelva is «worse than in a refugee camp », although he stressed that the main problem in Spain is "structural poverty".