Spain is about to end one of its longest periods of political uncertainty once the precise agreements for the governments of all the autonomous communities have been formed or reached, except La Rioja, but with the great mystery of resolving who He will be the next tenant of La Moncloa.
Five months after the last dissolution of the Cortes and the call for general elections on April 28, it seems that the circle begins to close.
The instability of these months links with a period of four years in which the feeling of provisionality and being in permanent campaign has been a constant in Spanish politics.
Since 2015, when there were repeated elections for lack of majorities to govern, there have been up to thirteen electoral calls between general, regional, local and European, which in autumn could add another three if there is no investiture agreement in the National Executive, in addition from in La Rioja and in Catalonia.
Although the municipalities from the polls on May 26 were constituted on June 15 with more or less ease and with the left-right bloc blurred in many cases by crossed pacts, the formation of the autonomous governments has not been without problems and the separation between both ideological spaces has been accentuated.
Probably dragged down by the conversations, finally failed, for the investiture of Pedro Sánchez as president of the Government, the negotiations at the regional level have been dotted with numerous pitfalls.
Especially in Navarra, where the socialist candidate, María Chivite, has become Friday the new president of the Regional Community thanks to the abstention of EH-Bildu and ahead of the Navarra Suma coalition, formed by PP, Cs and Unión of the Navarro People.
This Friday the agreement to form a government in the Community of Madrid was also closed, in this case in favor of the right-wing block.
The popular Isabel Díaz Ayuso will be the new president of a government that she will share with Citizens and that will have the external endorsement of Vox.
With Navarra and Madrid already decided, it only remains to know at the regional level what will happen in La Rioja, where the refusal of the socialist candidate, Concha Andreu, to accept the requirement of three councils by the only deputy of Podemos, Raquel Romero, prevented his endowment.
If PSOE and Podemos maintains the discrepancies, Riojans must go back to the polls in November.
The same situation that will have to be faced at the national level if Pedro Sánchez fails to convince the leader of Podemos, Pablo Iglesias, that he forgets once and for all to enter the Government – option totally ruled out already by the Socialists – and that just give them your support from outside.
Sanchez has begun this week a round of contacts with representatives of civil society in order to update its progressive government program and try to have the support of Iglesias.
The intention of the acting President of the Government, who on Tuesday will continue the round with groups from the world of education, environmentalists and the third sector and on Thursday with the unions, is to reach an investiture agreement "a la Portuguese", programmatic and not coalition .
If after these contacts and those who have announced that he will keep up with the main parties, Sanchez continues on September 23 without gathering the support to continue in La Moncloa, on November 10 there will be elections again.
It remains in the hands of We can definitely close the circle. Neither the PP nor Cs are willing to facilitate "neither by active nor passive" a new government of the PSOE, even less after what happened in Navarra by having agreed to govern by Bildu's abstention.
For both those of Pablo Casado and those of Albert Rivera, with Sanchez at the head the PSOE has clearly departed from the constitutional block.
This makes any possibility that PP and Cs facilitate the investiture of the socialist general secretary, despite his insistence of calling them to abstention to recover stability, also in the Government of Spain.
Belen Gil Orantos
. (tagsToTranslate) Government (t) Sanchez (t) incognita (t) resolve (t) electoral