The Nicaraguan Government today requested the foreign ministers of Latin America and the Caribbean that the Inter-American Democratic Charter (IADC) not be applied to their country, given the recent request in that regard from the Secretary General of the Organization of American States (OAS). , Luis Almagro.
"I kindly request the support of your governments so that the requests of the OAS Secretary General, Luis Almagro, related to the application of Article 20 of the Inter-American Democratic Charter, are not approved," said the Nicaraguan Foreign Minister, Denis Moncada, in a 21-page writing.
Last Thursday, Almagro announced the start of the procedure for the application of the CDI to Nicaragua and on Saturday requested the OAS Permanent Council to hold an urgent session to address the case.
Almagro, of Uruguayan nationality, made the decision based on the fact that the recent actions of the Government of Nicaragua, of refusing to accept responsibility for a crisis that has left hundreds dead in protests against President Daniel Ortega, has caused "an alteration of the order constitutional".
The Secretary General of the OAS announced the beginning of the process of application of the CDI following the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (IACHR) claiming to have evidence that the Government of Nicaragua has committed crimes "against humanity", allegedly to maintain in the power.
In his petition to the neighboring governments, Moncada insisted that Almagro "is not entitled, in the current circumstances," to request the CDI, since this, according to the foreign minister, should only be applied in case of a coup "consummated that has overthrown a democratic government, which has not happened in Nicaragua. "
The Foreign Minister said the crisis, which has left between 325 and 545 dead, hundreds of prisoners and tens of thousands of exiles since April according to humanitarian agencies, is actually an attempted coup, and called for the intervention of the OAS in favor of Ortega, whom the IACHR has held responsible for serious violations of human rights.
The Nicaraguan foreign minister, whose government recognizes 199 dead, warned that, if the Democratic Charter were applied to the Central American country, the OAS "will be delegitimized as a regional body."
In its 70-year history, the OAS has only suspended Cuba and Honduras, while at its General Assembly this year it took a first step to begin that process with Venezuela.
To approve the suspension, which is the maximum sanction of the OAS, 24 votes are needed, that is, two thirds of the 34 countries that are active members of the organization (Cuba belongs to the institution but has not participated in it since 1962).