The Government has Budgets and in Moncloa they believe that the legislature already has a free hand. Neither Pedro Sánchez nor his environment had seen the 2022 accounts threatened but close pending agreement with ERC It has been a relief for the coalition that waits for the rebound of the economy (at the moment slower than the official forecasts) to recover in the polls.
PSOE and United We can propose to eliminate 33 titles of nobility granted during the Franco regime
The alliance with the Republicans was ratified to the point that it was Gabriel Rufián who came out to give the details of the new budget agreement, but at the same time the PSOE begins to assume that the Republicans will not make it easy to approve a key project on their calendar : the Democratic Memory Law. Moncloa has chosen to put the text in the freezer to prioritize other promises such as pensions or labor reform, which are advanced or whose deadline is December 31 to be approved.
In the Presidency of the Government, they consider it a success to have put together the puzzle so that the public accounts go ahead with 14 different parties - adding support in Congress and the Senate - but they know that taking out the Budgets does not imply that the majority is guaranteed in other laws . And the memory will have to wait. This is how it remained black on white last week, when the deadline to register the partial amendments to the text presented by Minister Félix Bolaños closed, who does not lose hope that an agreement will be reached in the end, as has happened in budgetary matters -including the audiovisual law, in which the starting points were also very far away. "Everything is very difficult and we get everything out," they admitted in their department last week.
However, Moncloa has put aside the negotiation of that law for now, which would involve, among other issues the annulment of the political trials of the Franco regime, the illegalization of the Francisco Franco Foundation or the elimination of the titles of nobility granted during the dictatorship. "At the moment there is no calendar. Last week the deadline to present amendments ended and, from here, to work," admit government sources.
In ERC they have detached the budget negotiation from that law and admit that the acceptance of some of its conditions is an insurmountable red line. The Catalan Republicans, led by Joan Tardá, have already voted against the Historical Memory Law promoted by José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero in 2007. "We will not legitimize the new government trap," he recently declared to The newspaper of Spain.
The main stumbling block is ERC's demand to modify the 1977 Amnesty Law so that crimes committed during the Franco regime can be investigated and prosecuted. The PSOE flatly rejects this possibility under the premise that this rule was a great success of the transition, although in practice has allowed that those responsible for torture and other crimes of the regime maintain impunity. In the framework of the negotiation, PSOE and United We can promoted an amendment in which it establishes that "war crimes, crimes against humanity, genocide and torture are considered imprescriptible and not amnestiable." Although the interpretation that was made was that it sought to circumvent the Amnesty Law, the government quickly rejected that possibility. Bolaños acknowledged that the crimes of the Franco regime could not be judged on the premise that there is no retroactivity in the criminal law. "This law does not touch anything," admitted the minister in Onda Cero.
The other requirement of ERC is that the Franco regime be declared illegal, among other things, that decisions taken during the dictatorship, such as the conviction of Salvador Puig Antich, are annulled. Government sources see room for an understanding on that point, which would mean moving from the "illegitimacy" recognized by the text approved by the Council of Ministers to the "illegality" claimed by the Republicans. However, another of the shocks is produced by the patrimonial claims to the victims that ERC wants to establish. From the Government they argue that the State has already compensated with more than 21,000 million euros. "We are the country after Germany with Israel that has made the most economic reparations," these sources say.
With these wickers, the Democratic Memory Law is complicated for the Executive who, after the agreement with ERC for the Budgets - once again on the horn given that the voting for the different sections had even begun - assumes that he will have to roll up his sleeves and He leaves it for later after having also surveyed Ciudadanos recovering the concept of "variable geometry" that he abandoned a year ago after the failure of the attempt to add those of Inés Arrimadas to the 2021 accounts.
The priorities for the Government are the definitive approval of the Budgets at the end of December, to carry out the changes in the pension system - a matter in which the Executive had good news this Monday when carrying out the first part in the corresponding parliamentary commission of the reform thanks to an agreement with ERC and PNV- and the labor reform, which is in full negotiation in the social dialogue.
"The objective right now is this. It is urgent due to the need to boost the economy and is part of the commitments with Brussels," state government sources.