The gold (gas?) of Moscow

In June 2016, the then Citizens MEP, Teresa Giménez Barbat, raised an issue in the European Parliament that today acquires extraordinary importance. The question referred to two reports - one from 'Forbes' from March 2015 and another from 'Financial Times' from June 2014 - which indicated that Russia was financing the 'anti-fracking' movements in the US and Europe. . Giménez asked: "Given Europe's energy dependency, in particular on oil and natural gas, supplies of which mainly come from Russia, and the fact that Europe's energy security is threatened by unwarranted public discrediting of sources of Potentially efficient and safe energy sources: Is the Commission aware that Russia continues to finance anti-fracking movements in Europe? Does the Commission have a plan in place to respond to distorted public perceptions of these types of energy sources? Commissioner Miguel Arias Cañete responded on behalf of the European Commission, noting that they were aware of the news, but had no proof of the accusations, and that "the decision to allow fracking or not is a matter for each EU Member State." Related News opinion Yes The persistent drought John Müller 60% of the EU and the United Kingdom are affected by the drought and this will have economic and social consequences The veto of the Spanish left to certain technologies such as nuclear energy or 'fracking' is well known. They have been campaigning against them for years. In 2021, the Law on Climate Change and Energy Transition, promoted by the government of Pedro Sánchez, prohibited hydraulic fracturing as a way of extracting gas or oil in Spain. The Minister of Ecological Transition, Teresa Ribera, congratulated herself in November 2019 that hydraulic fracturing was "a thing of the past". In April, already in the middle of the energy crisis, she ruled out changing the law and lifting the ban on fracking. The extraction of hydrocarbons by hydraulic fracturing is what has given the US energy independence since 2013. There are authorized exploitations in more than 30 states and it is particularly common in North Dakota, Pennsylvania, Colorado and Texas. In May, before its shareholders' meeting, the president of Repsol, Antonio Brufau, put his finger on the problem and asked himself "if it makes sense to use gas imported from the United States, abundant thanks to 'fracking', while this technique is prohibited in the European continent. A good number of European countries have prohibited 'fracking' in their territory, arguing the high consumption of water and the microseisms that they can produce. That is the reason cited by the UK. France has also prohibited it, an issue that is logical in a country that has opted for nuclear energy. However, the question raised by Giménez Barbat remains valid: To what extent did Russian money predispose European public opinion against 'fracking'? [email protected]

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