Not by repeated certain ideas end up becoming true. On the day of the celebration of the Diada we collect five of the false theories that have penetrated a part of Catalan society and intentionally misrepresent reality
1. It was not a war of Spain against Catalonia
Nationalist historians say that the War of Succession (1701-1714) that confronted supporters of Philip V with those of Archduke Carlos was a war of Spain against Catalonia. The proof, they say, is the resistance of the "Catalan people" to the "invader" in Castilian. The War of Succession make it the War of Secession. The reduction of a world conflict between powers to a question of "national" identity is absurd. The division was among Spaniards: Madrid was an Australian, for example, while Tarragona was Bourbon. It was not a conflict of national identities, but for dynastic projects.
2. Felipe V was betrayed
Felipe V swore the privileges and opened the Catalan Cortes on October 4, 1701. The agreement consisted in respecting his own laws in exchange for recognizing the Bourbon. When the news was that Felipe V could lose the war, a group of Catalan nobles negotiated with England the change of side. The betrayal was consumed on June 20, 1705, and produced an armed confrontation between Catalans: the Australian 'vigatans' and the Bourbon 'botifler'. After the fall of Barcelona in September 1714, Felipe V abolished his agreement because he considered that they had committed a crime of high treason. Consequently, it is a lie that "the Catalans" fought against Felipe V to maintain the rights and freedoms of Catalonia.
3. Nor on September 11
The siege of Barcelona ended on 12. On the afternoon of 11 a group of defenders went to agree with the Bourbon duke of Berwick, who gave them a deadline until dawn on the 12th for the surrender. They did not accept, so the French burned the city. At noon on the 12th the defenders flew the white flag, and that afternoon the troops entered Barcelona.
4. Nor did Rafael de Casanova die
Rafael Casanova, Councilor in Cap in September 1714, did not die in the conflict, he did not even fight. On September 11, before the assault of the Bourbon troops, Casanova placed the standard of Santa Eulalia on the wall. He was then injured in one leg, transferred to the Merced School, and then to his son's property in Sant Boi de Llobregat. He was amnestied in 1719 and continued to practice law until his death in 1743.
5. The side of the Three Commons was one of unity
Catalan indepentism insists that the side of the Three Commons on September 11 called the Catalans against the Spanish-French invasion. However, the side encouraged "all as true children of the Fatherland, lovers of Freedom" to shed "his blood and life for his King (Carlos), for his honor, for the Fatherland and for the freedom of all Spain" not to be "slaves" of France. The Three Commons were the General Deputy of Catalonia, the military arm and the Councilor in Cap, Rafael de Casanova, demonstrating once again that he did not fight for the secession of Catalonia, but for a Spain independent of France.
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