The Mesopotamian culture saw the birth of this type of architecture: a semicircular semicircular arch whose technique was recovered in other stages of art as it was in that of the Etruscans. Characteristic of Roman art, this was re-enacted at other times in history: in Renaissance, Baroque art and, what concerns us, Romanesque. The arch of San Pedro de las Dueñas is one of the most emblematic elements of the Romanesque collection of the National Archaeological Museum (MAN). It is 2.2 meters high and 3.3 meters wide and now, thanks to Acciona, the Museum has made history by reproducing this architectural piece through a 3D concrete impression, which can be seen in the next months outdoors , in the museum garden. It is the first piece of cultural heritage reproduced on a real scale using this technique, which through scanners reaches all the details of the work to reproduce a "digital twin" of the original – from the colors to the textures have been reproduced in an exact way to the original arch.
The world of technology is reaching all areas of life. Now, in art, its objective is no longer to facilitate the work of both professionals and scholars, but to bring it closer to all those visitors to museums. For Andrés Carretero Pérez, director of the MAN, this is a proposal with a future perspective that will give "new opportunities to have reliable reproductions and good quality of works that often can not be had where one needs". That is to say, a change that supposes a rupture of the distance between showcase and visitor: through the 3D impression the one that goes to a museum will be able to put itself in the skin of an archaeologist, according to augura José María López-Galiacho, general director of Acciona in their productions and designs. And it is not the same to study an architectural work through books that through a screen that allows you to expand, move and rotate the object as you want.
This digital reproduction is the fruit of more than one year of work. Although, according to Carretero, "the specialist will always resort to the original," the quality replicas are so that the proximity between visitor and work is direct and absolute. An immersive experience that will experience a change in the perceptions of both the professional and the amateur.
With the digitization and 3D printing of the Romanesque arch of the Dueñas, the way of seeing and studying art changes, from its restoration techniques to its conservation, also feeding other ways of documenting the historical and cultural heritage. In addition, to the technological revolution that has been realized through the Romanesque arch, another MAN initiative is added: a digitization of 30 medieval pieces of its collection, among which are objects from Late Antiquity, as well as from the time of the Christian kingdoms