The Democratic Memory Law passed its first examination in Congress today. The plenary session has debated on Thursday the amendments to the totality presented to the text of the Government by Vox and the PP, which ask for its return, and ERC, which has presented an alternative version. Although the amendments will not go ahead, the session has staged the differences between the groups and if something has made clear it is that an easy path does not await the law. He will have to deal with the claims of the usual partners of the Government, who ask for greater ambition, and the frontal opposition of the right, who consider the text a way to “divide the Spaniards.”
The draft of the Memory Law does not convince the associations or part of the left: “Suspend first of antifascism”
Bildu, the CUP, the BNG, PdeCat and Junts per Catalunya have also been added to the ERC amendment, while the PNV has demanded improvements in the law and has not supported the alternative version because it believes that “it is retractable through partial amendments “. The pro-independence activists have thus given a pulse to the Government, which will have to open up to modify the project if it wants to achieve sufficient support. The norm, long awaited by the memorialist associations, represents a new roadmap as far as historical memory is concerned, but it does not convince the parliamentary arch. Even the other leg of the coalition, United We Can, considers that it falls short.
In defending the text, Félix Bolaños, Minister of the Presidency, Relations with the Courts and Democratic Memory, has shown his willingness to “incorporate improvements during the parliamentary process” and has defined it as a “very thoughtful and worked project,” but “flexible enough to accept amendments.” Although he has urged: “What is not flexible is the time” of those looking for the remains of their relatives. “We have to talk, dialogue and agree, but be aware that there are people who do not have so much time,” he pointed out.
Gabriel Rufián, from ERC, responded to this immediately after, describing it as “curious” that “you say you are in a hurry when it took 14 years to present the law” after the law passed in 2007. In a harsh speech, Rufián has directed the anti-fascist deputies “regardless of the party” to ask them if they would vote in favor of a law “incapable of qualifying the Franco regime as illegal”, to establish “mechanisms or compensation” for the victims, “to open the door” to the patrimonial claims or “to judge the executioners”, which are several of its main claims. “Anti-fascist ladies, would you vote a law of memory without memory?” He asked. The pro-independence parliamentarian addressed the Government in his final speech: “The question is not why we are so tough, the question is why you are so cowardly.”
Many of the groups share petitions with the Catalan Republicans. “If this law is not useful for people like the one who has come to the Argentine Complaint with us, do not count,” said CUP deputy Albert Botrán in reference to eliminating the obstacles that today continue to prevent the investigation of the Francoist crimes. In this sense, the Amnesty Law of 1977 will be one of the main issues of the amendments, also those of United We Can- En Comú Podem-Galicia en Común, which has pledged to “work to improve the law” and “achieve a broad progressive agreement, “said Deputy Martina Velarde.
For its part, the PSOE has defended the text, which the Council of Ministers approved last July. Minister Félix Bolaños has recognized his predecessor, Carmen Calvo, who promoted the rule and has addressed the PP and Vox bench to deny “an ideological story or a unique story” in it, but “a complete truth, which it was omitted for 40 years. ” “All forces should understand that condemning the dictatorship and paying tribute to the victims is not ideology, it is justice, democracy and a question of humanity and reparation,” he added.
The right wing accuse the government of “totalitarianism”
The reasons given by the rights to request the return of the law are different. The PP, which has already agreed to repeal it and replace it with a Law of Concord if it reaches Moncloa, believes that it is a rule guided by a “spirit of confrontation between Spaniards” and accuses the Government of “stirring up the spirit of civil warfare”, “opening wounds” or “imposing its ideological story “. The popular ones understand that the project “divides the Spaniards” and aims to “blow up the exemplary reconciliation process that the Spanish Transition entailed” and is a “frontist” and “totalitarian” law, in the words of Macarena Montesinos.
The extreme right has also accused the Executive of Pedro Sánchez of “establishing channels” for “a constant indoctrination of the population” and shares an argument with the PP by assuring that “it tries to reopen the old and painful division of the Spanish between reds and blues. , which had already been overcome, “said deputy José Francisco Contreras. The parliamentarian has also used much of his time on the rostrum to display the historical revisionism to which Vox is accustomed and has even affirmed that “it cannot be said that in the spring of 1936 there was a rule of law in Spain.”