The plenary of the European Parliament (EP) today gave its support to the establishment of the European Labor Authority (ELA, for its acronym in English), which will address issues related to labor mobility and social security within the European Union (EU).
The text, already agreed with the ministers of the member states, received 472 votes in favor, 142 against and 39 abstentions.
The ELA, which should be fully operational in 2021, will support countries and the European Commission in applying and enforcing relevant EU legislation in the areas of labor mobility in the community club and the coordination of systems of social security.
The Authority should improve the access of individuals and employers, especially SMEs, to information about their rights and obligations in the areas of labor mobility, free movement of services and coordination of social security "to exploit the full potential of the market interior, "the EP said in a statement.
The ELA will also facilitate finding a solution if there are disputes between two or more Member States on individual cases of how to apply Community legislation on labor mobility, "without prejudice to the powers of the Court of Justice of the European Union"
This mediation work will only be carried out if it is accepted by all the countries involved in the event that it is going to be analyzed.
"It will serve to reconcile divergent points of view among the Member States concerned by the dispute and adopt a non-binding opinion," said the European Parliament.
The Authority, in cooperation with the countries and, if appropriate, with the social organizations, will assess the risks and analyze labor mobility and the coordination of social security in the EU.
At the request of one or more States, the ELA will coordinate and support inspections in the areas under its jurisdiction.
Although the headquarters of the European Labor Authority has not yet been decided, the Parliament "will have a voice" in the election.
The ELA will start working this year and will be operational, with the ability to implement its own budget, two years after the regulation comes into force, which means it will not be later than 2021.
The legislation will enter into force on the twentieth day after its publication in the official journal of the European Union.
"Europe is more than a market and trade, we also need an authentic free movement of workers across borders, More than seventeen million Europeans work today in a different country than their origin," said the rapporteur of the text, the MEP popular Dutch Jeroen Lenaers.
He added that the ELA will help ensure that employee rights are respected and that workers are not victims of "social dumping."