The current environmental policies of the European Union (EU) will manage to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by at least 50% by 2030, above the targets set to combat climate change, according to a report published on Tuesday.
The study, prepared by the sandbag think tank, indicates that the community block is halfway to the goal set to completely eliminate those emissions by 2050, in accordance with the recommendations of the UN Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change ( IPCC).
Thirty years after the first report of the IPCC, Sandbag stresses that the EU lowered the level of greenhouse gas emissions (GHG) by 24% in 2018 compared to 1990, and therefore considers that it will "reach on time at the halfway point ".
"This analysis brings good news: Europe already has the policies it needs in motion," says the text of this ideas laboratory based in London and Brussels.
According to Sandbag, theoretical models for the operation of community measures aimed, for example, at reinforcing renewable energies or progressively eliminating the use of coal, suggest that "these will achieve a 50% reduction in GHG emissions, above the forecasts of the 40% previously made by the European Commission (EC).
"This means that the debate on Europe's climate ambitions by 2030 goes from 'at least 40%' to 'at least 50%,'" the text celebrates.
In this process, says Sandbag, the energy sector will be key, since it will be directly responsible for the reduction of almost half of the emissions in the EU between 2018 and 2030, as renewables replace fossil fuels.
However, it will also contribute indirectly to the "decarbonisation" of sectors such as transport or industry, which will use electricity from renewable sources.
This research institute also urges the authorities to set more ambitious goals and to "introduce adjustments" in their environmental policies, arguing that it is even possible to achieve a reduction of gases of 58% in eleven years.
"Going beyond 58% is possible if there is political will, this is true thanks to all the incremental progress achieved since the ratification of the Paris Agreement and underlines the fact that we have a new basic policy on which we can work" , indicates in the report Suzana Carp, head of relations with the EU of Sandbag.