A «University access calculator», with simulations of admission grades to Madrid universities, a ‘forum’ where you can consult the most frequent questions or formulate new ones, such as the latest access grades, EVAU exams from previous years etc … Like every Autonomous community, Madrid seeks to provide students with information tools to answer the universal question “What study?”.
Arancha Brea, Director of the CIAU-Center for Information and University Advice (dependent on the General Directorate of Universities and Higher Artistic Education of the CAM), highlights how these services are extended “throughout the academic and / or professional career”. The search engine for official Bachelor’s and Master’s degrees; #CIAU_Orienta, with information on academic-professional guidance, especially for education professionals and educational centers; or applications such as ‘unimad’, ‘fpmad’ and ‘eremad’, make up part of the broad proposal.
What I do? And how?
On the terrain, Francisco Moreno, Head of Studies at the IES Gran Capitán (Madrid), describes a process that can influence, in stages such as adolescence, having an extra motivation to advance in studies. As he Tutorial Action Plan As the contribution of the AMPA they add to make this type of decision more accessible: «For example, talks are organized for 3rd and 4th years of ESO, during the tutoring sessions, where information is given on different cases that may happen, for Baccalaureate or Training Professional. Already in high school, meetings with families are called (face-to-face or, currently, online) ». A task that is even more rewarding, as the professional points out, when they are told: “Now I am clear about what I want to study, teacher.”
In the case of the Junta de Extremadura, the coordination with the University of Extremadura stands out. The Ministry of Employment points to initiatives such as “regional orientation meetings with the UEX or the Open Doors Days.” According to the general director of Educational Innovation and Inclusion, Juan Pablo Pulido: «We work with the University on tools that use personal competencies for professional guidance and Professional Training, with the use of Artificial Intelligence to offer personalized recommendations with our own educational platform, Hopscotch ».
In the academic framework, CRUE- Conference of Rectors of Spanish Universities, contributes its point of view through Ana Isabel García Pérez, Vice-rector for Students and Employment of the University of León and coordinator of the work group on Student Orientation of the institution, which held, from February 22 to 24, UNiferia Grados, free virtual room on the offer of 55 universities. «This meeting offers in a personalized way (www.grados-uniferia.crue.org), all the necessary and relevant information on the degrees offered by more than fifty institutions: access systems, training itineraries, study plans, internationalization, Scholarships and grants…”.
Along with initiatives like the previous one, the celebration, throughout the year, of Education Week (
www.ifema.es/semana-de-la-educacion), offers all kinds of information options for interested families. With centers such as the CEU San Pablo University, whose Guidance and Information Service «accompanies the entire educational community (students, parents, teachers and, in general, educators) with criteria and tools that favor the process, with special emphasis on searching of his vocation ». CEU San Pablo has different resources and proposals, such as orientation sessions for students and families, the Educational Orientation Test and the @axlaevau initiative, a community that helps to successfully face the EvAU.
From the Ministry of Education and Vocational Training they underline the importance of the educational and professional orientation of students: «The current regulatory framework (Lomloe) recognizes it as one of the basic rights of students and one of the main functions of teachers, who acts in collaboration with families and, where appropriate, with specialized services or departments. In the framework of the development of the new curricula in which the Ministry is immersed, work is being done on the incorporation of specific learning that will help to identify interests and strengths ”.
In this context, Germany stands as one of the most prominent European countries in this endeavor to prepare for the future, with information pillars such as the “Recommendation on vocational guidance in schools”. «Within the framework of professional guidance -described from the German Embassy in Spain-, Students receive information about different professions in part in an independent subject as well as in others in a transversal way. On the other hand, and through internships (some last several weeks) in companies, commercial companies, administrative authorities or social institutions, a first contact with the world of work is provided, which helps to choose based on an evaluation realistic”.
Ana Roa and Cristóbal Calderón, pedagogues and educational consultants, highlight the following factors that can influence the vocational orientation of students:
1. Motivations. They can be influenced by the family environment, by that of peers (friends) by tastes and preferences …
2. Attitudes. Respond favorably or unfavorably to one job option or another. With a cognitive component.
3. Skills and / or abilities. Intellectual, psychomotor, physical, artistic and sensory skills and abilities.
4. Interests. Together with skills, they guide vocational choice, being closely related to motivation.
1. Teens They are influenced by the family, the group of friends from the educational center, the media.
2. Social prestige and stereotypes. It tends to give prestige to certain professions to the detriment of others.