The average autonomy of electric vehicles has increased by 135% in the last six years, when going from an average of 137 kilometers in 2013 to the 322 kilometers on average that one of these vehicles can now travel with a full load.
According to a report from Wisdom Tree, six years ago, an average electric car could cover between 80 and 90 miles (129 and 145 kilometers). However, nowadays, one of average pure battery has the capacity to cover between 150 and 250 miles (241 and 402 kilometers) being charged to full battery.
These improvements in autonomy are driven by the technological advances that the batteries of electric vehicles have had in terms of density, chemical and utilization of raw materials, since they are reducing their costs, and it is expected that by 2025 these vehicles will be competitive in costs compared to the internal combustion engine.
Also, the time to load one of these cars has also been reduced, going from the 40 or 60 minutes of average I needed in 2010 to the environment of 20 or 45 minutes that you need on average in 2019.
In parallel, the charging infrastructure is also being updated. The European Commission already announced in October 2018 its intention to invest 100,000 million euros in the development of the production capacity of lithium-ion batteries. The agency also expects to invest another 50 million euros to reach its goal of meeting the growing demand for electric vehicles, through its own production of this type of batteries.
In regulatory matters, also "key" for the development of electric mobility, Europe has implemented "aggressive" regulations in the reduction of the greenhouse effect to comply with the Paris Climate Agreement. It aims for an average of 117 grams of CO2 emissions per kilometer by 2021, as well as an additional reduction of 15% by 2025 and a 37.5% reduction by 2030 in new vehicles.
In the wake of all these impulses, sales of electric vehicles grew 33% last year in the European market, at the same time that the commercialization of traditional vehicles is slowing down all over the world.
In 2018, electric vehicles sold in all markets increased to 2.1 million units, which represents a penetration above 2.3% in the total passenger car market.
According to this report, the global market for electric vehicles "is growing rapidly", having multiplied by six since 2013 and doubled since 2015. 61.8% of electric vehicles manufactured were pure battery (BEV), followed by electric vehicles plug-in hybrids (PHEV), in 31.7%, and electric vehicles with a fuel cell battery (FCEV), with only a 0.2% share.
In China, which has a 55% share of the global market for electric vehicles, the Association of Automobile Manufacturers (CAAM) forecasts for 2019 an increase of 1.6 million units in sales of new energy vehicles, online with its environmental policy.