Since the beginning of knowledge societies, it has been recognized, increasingly with a more general consensus, that education and training received by citizens is the main wealth of 21st century societies. From this premise, I think it is fundamental to emphasize that education should be conceived as a career of opportunities for all students, for all citizens, and not an overcoming of obstacles. I would like to share with the whole of society this conviction that the trust we place in our students and teachers is the essential basis of their strength, that is, their success.
The Spanish educational objectives, approved by the LOE in 2006, were an explicit commitment to the proposals of Unesco (the essential learning: learning to know, learning to be, learning to do, learning to live together), with the formulation of competences of the OECD or educational objectives of the EU.
The preliminary draft of the law, which we have submitted for consultation, is part of the education proposal for the next decades; seeks to update the educational objectives of the LOE But, above all, looking to the future, it intends to face the challenges we share of the Unesco 2030 Agenda.
It is necessary to extend educational opportunities to all girls and boys from the earliest ages and to involve all families in the advantages that their children receive during the first years of schooling. The commitment is to guarantee equal opportunities from early childhood education.
In primary and secondary compulsory education it is essential to achieve student success, drastically reduce repetition and minimize the so-called school failure, which is none other than the educational system itself. This means that all, not only the graduates, are trained to exercise rights, freedoms and responsibilities and that they master the basic competences; that they are prepared to promote and respect human rights and diversity, that they have received affective-sexual education that promotes gender equality and that they have been trained in the determined rejection of gender violence.
It is essential to promote the shared work of the teaching teams and ensure that the assessment of the performance of all students takes into account the level of achievement of basic skills. This approach requires, as indicated by the most advanced pedagogical experiences, to organize spaces and classrooms, teachings and methodologies. Also the incorporation of emotions, essential for learning and the stimulation of the ability of students to learn for themselves, to learn to learn and be trained throughout life.
For this stage, we propose a single degree at the end of the ESO, which will also be accessed through diversification or basic professional training once the competences have been reached. Independently of the options to which the graduates can choose, it is necessary to offer all the students "future training".
We propose that at least 90% of our young people reach upper secondary education (EU). The baccalaureates and the intermediate level training cycles will prepare all their students for higher education and training and for working life. It is essential to favor the transition from one study to another and to reduce obstacles to the permanent improvement of the training of all citizens.
We entrust the teaching staff with our children and young people, that is, our future. I feel proud and excited to see that our current teachers, like the students, are the best prepared in our history; have been the main responsible for the giant step taken by Spanish education in the last 40 years. This should not prevent the improvement of initial training, access, on-the-job training and lifelong learning from remaining an essential objective. An essential instrument of success is the evaluation of the work of the teaching teams, differentiated from that pursued by promotion and individual recognition.
The involvement of families in the learning of their children is essential to achieve educational success. It is also necessary to have the commitment of the whole society; I dare to ask all citizens to share the trust that I propose to deposit in students and professors, as the Greeks did in their heroes, since it is the essential basis of their success. This commitment of society must also be reflected in the adequate financing to achieve the education we desire.
I hope that students, teachers and families, as well as society as a whole, can share a project to transform our education, such as the one I present and offer for dialogue and reflection.
Isabel Celaá she is Minister of Education and Vocational Training and spokesperson for the Government.