Connecting the ecological transition with economic agents "that contribute to the loss of Nature" is necessary to "stop the conversion of ecosystems," said WWF World Director General Marco Lambertini, who emphasizes that "there is no economy without ecology" .
Areas such as agriculture, forestry, fisheries, infrastructure or extractive activities are "unsustainable if we want a development with clear objectives," said Lambertini, for whom "tomorrow must be sustainable or we will find ourselves in real trouble" .
This historic environmental leader considers that "working with the economic centers is necessary to develop the transition" and, in this line, describes the next 2020 as "a very important year for sustainability", a date on which countries must present " strong commitments ", and where" the difficult part "will be seen, such as" moving from fossil fuels to clean energy ".
To be able to face these challenges progressively, Lambertini considers two steps necessary to get out of the climate crisis, the first "having a global vision and international objectives to prevent ecosystems from collapsing."
"The less we act, the less we feel that pressure, the cost will be much higher," he said.
The second strategic step would be to promote the role of business economic forces, governments and the support of citizens, so "we need political leaders to go through it and guide people in this direction."
"More and more people talk about climate change, the difficult thing is to carry out that transition," said the head of WWF, who recalls that "the concern, science and political mechanisms are there, we just have to push them to pass ".
In terms of decision-making and commitments according to the Paris Agreement, Lambertini gives as an example two countries, one small as Costa Rica and the other huge as China.
Costa Rica, the country to which he traveled for the Climate Change Conference in preparation for COP25, is a territory that stands out for "its economy based on conserving natural capital by supporting agriculture and fisheries at the same time."
It also highlights Costa Rican measures against deforestation, systems to reward sustainable farmers and the capacity to produce 90% of renewable energy.
On another plane is China as a "dominant" giant but that is committed to investing in renewable energy with wind and solar equipment.
"If we looked back ten years ago this did not happen, China did not support the Paris Agreement" while currently "strongly supports the agreement and will also host the Biodiversity COP next year."
The consequences of the climate crisis cause a loss of biodiversity "that is silenced", which is why it can be said that "it is an environmental crisis, it is not a climate crisis," he said.
In this sense, WWF promotes the initiative "2020: a new agreement for Nature and people" (2020: a new deal for nature and people, in English) to "stop the loss of biological diversity" with the aim of betting for solutions based on Nature.
Lambertini points out that 90% of the planet's biomass corresponds to people and 10% to animals, "we have totally changed the scale," he said.
"We need to make a cultural change in our head," because "the loss of nature is related to our lives and directly affects us."
The WWF director acknowledges that "we have to make some sacrifices today, but it is the only way to maintain our future," and sends a message to society: "Forget the tigers and pandas, do it for your children."
. (tagsToTranslate) Lambertini (t) WWF (t) transition (t) ecological (t) economic