The reactivation of tourism at Easter after two years of pandemic boosted the labor market last April. The number of unemployed registered in the SEPE offices registered a decrease of 86,260 people compared to the previous month,
up to a total of 3,022,503 unemployed. Good news also arrived at the edge of the affiliation thanks to the pull of the hospitality industry and in a traditionally good month for employment. The
average affiliation to Social Security increased by 184,577 peoplewith which the month closed with 20,019,080 employed and exceeded the level of 20 million for the first time in history.
From the Ministry of Labor they highlighted that a total of 1,450,093 contracts were signed, of which 698,646 were of an indefinite nature.
The headings of an indefinite nature represented a percentage of 48.2%, that is, one out of every two contracts. In this regard, the Second Vice President and Minister of Labor and Social Economy, Yolanda Díaz, valued the data on indefinite contracts for the month of April as "spectacular", a result that she attributed to the labor reform.
"Today, one out of every two contracts is indefinite and this is changing the paradigm in our country (...) Although I am aware that much remains to be done, we have shown that this labor reform works," said Díaz during his speech at the Europa Press Informative Breakfasts.
Unemployment increased in April in the group without a previous job, with 18 more unemployed than in March and fell in the rest of the sectors, mainly in services, with 65,422 fewer unemployed. It also fell in other areas of activity, such as agriculture, with a cut of 9,544 unemployed; construction, with 6,972 fewer unemployed, and industry, where it fell by 4,340 people.
For its part, the Ministry led by José Luis Escrivá stressed that this good behavior of the labor market took place "in a complex economic and inflation context" and against a backdrop in which temporary employment regulation files have been eliminated. (ERTE) linked to the pandemic, "which has not translated into a deterioration in affiliation."
Within the General Regime, the sectors linked to tourism and leisure pulled employment. Thus, the hotel industry led the creation of jobs with 110,000 more contributors. It was followed by transportation and storage, with 11,510 more affiliates, and commerce, which added 9,115 new jobs. Among the declines in the month, those in construction stood out, losing 1,849 employed persons in April; those of financial and insurance activities, which left behind 1,230 employed persons, and health activities, with a drop in affiliation of 883 people. For its part, the Special Agrarian System added a total of 6,218 jobs, while the Home System registered 117 casualties.
Brake for the self-employed
Despite the increase in employment in the General Regime, the affiliation data reflected the slowdown in the growth of the self-employed. In April, they increased by only 9,100 more affiliates, that is, the worst data since 2012 with the exception of April 2020. «The month of April adds 9,100 self-employed, with a growth rate of 1.2% per year, which represents a rate five times less than that registered by the General Regime (+5.98%) and which shows us the worst growth since 2012, with the exception of April 2020, where more than 40,000 self-employed workers were lost due to confinement due to the pandemic,” says Lorenzo Amor, president of the National Federation of Associations of Autonomous Workers, ATA.
In addition, in year-on-year terms, the growth rate of the Special Regime for Self-Employed Workers (RETA) drops to 1.21%, half the growth that was occurring in 2021 and five times less than the growth that has been occurring in the General Regime. , which stands at a rate of 5.98%.