You are driving a train without brakes and there are five people on the road who are going to be run over unless you divert the train to another line where there is another person who would die if you choose this decision. What would you do?. It is the dilemma posed by the Argentine neuroscientist Mariano Sigman in this second chapter of the series I know what you're thinking to detail how morality is built.
A more complicated dilemma. You can prevent an uncontrolled train runs over five people if you throw from a bridge a bulky companion who forces the derailment. Would you push it?
There is no correct answer, but they help to think how do we reason the moral, how the battle between the utilitarian and deontological principles that are codified in different systems of the frontal part of the brain is resolved.
Sigman is one of the most outstanding neuroscientists in the world, with more than 150 publications in the most prestigious scientific journals. In 2006 he founded the Laboratory of Integral Neuroscience at the University of Buenos Aires, an interdisciplinary group that investigates the secrets of the brain formed by physicists, doctors, engineers, linguists, artists and mathematicians. He is the author of The secret life of the mind, among other works.
I know what you're thinking It is a series about brain enigmas. If you have met a person who seems ideal, and yet something tells you to distrust. Or you get very angry about things that, if you think about them cold, are not worth so much. We are many on this list. Science observes, inquires, asks, investigates, to discover these forms that relate us in such particular ways. That's what it's about I know what you're thinking, of dyeing of science questions of every day, about how we are, about our virtues and our demons.