Emmanuel Macron said, after coming to power in 2017, that equality between men and women would be "The great cause of the quinquennium", the five-year presidential term. He has theorized about the need to launch a "feminist diplomacy". He took advantage of this 8M to deliver for the first time the Simone Veil award, named after the great feminist and Holocaust survivor, and endowed with 100,000 euros. The award went to the Cameroonian activist Aissa Doumara, for her campaign against forced marriages. On March 1, the obligation for companies with more than a thousand employees to make public the salary difference between men and women came into force. The obligation should be extended in the next year to all companies with more than 50 employees.
The mobilization in France began at 15.40, at which time it is considered that, due to the so-called wage gap, French women start working for free. At that time a strike and rallies in several cities were called. In the Place de la République, in Paris, Pauline Spinazze, of the organization Osez le féminisme (Osad feminism), denounced Macron's "ambivalent stance". "Equality has declared the great cause of the five-year period and promotes a feminist diplomacy in the G7, but that of women continues to be the lowest budget of the State and there is still no national plan against violations and to fight against feminicides", He said. Every three days a woman killed by her partner in France dies, according to official data. Informa Marc Bassets from Paris.
The United Kingdom
The United Kingdom did not hold a central demonstration on Friday to celebrate 8M. British women already demonstrated on January 19. That day, the streets of London were filled with thousands of women and men in defense of real gender equality. In return, many festive, cultural and social events have been scheduled throughout the weekend to celebrate or claim progress. The newspaper The Guardian He headed his information with an exclusive: "The big companies lie in their figures on executive positions occupied by women or minorities," complained Charlotte Valeur, president of the Institute of Directors, one of the most influential employers in the United Kingdom.
The British Parliament decided to wave the flag of International Women's Day. During a debate on this celebration, Labor Party member Jess Phillips read one by one the names of the 130 women victims of gender violence who died in the last year. For seven minutes there was silence in the Chamber and the tension of the moment was evident. Informa Rafa de Miguel in London.
The wick of Spain does ignite in Belgium. "Due to the March 8 strike, the garbage collection service will be disrupted" in 12 of the 19 districts of Brussels. The announcement of the cleaning company of the Belgian capital has been one of the first tangible signs that the Spanish example has followers. As in the Spanish case, a grassroots and spontaneous movement launched a call for a general strike and the holding of protest actions throughout the country, with demonstrations in the main Belgian cities. And in Brussels, a daycare service organized by the platform Collecti.e.f. 8 maars, offered the care of children from 9 a.m. to 8 p.m. to facilitate the closing of nurseries and the assistance of mothers to the acts.
With no figures yet to follow the strike, the impact seems to have been quite less than in Spain, but the call has managed to transform the International Women's Day into a day of unparalleled vindication with previous years. Protests against inequality, discrimination and gender violence have multiplied despite the fact that Belgium is one of only six countries in the world that, according to the World Bank, has achieved full equality in legal rights between the last decade. man and woman (together with France, Sweden, Denmark, Latvia and Luxembourg).
In the community institutions, however, 8M went virtually unnoticed. The European Parliament held an interparliamentary committee the day before to analyze the presence of women in the world of politics. And the European Commission published, also on Thursday, a report on equality between men and women in the EU in which it detects "progress", but calls for progress to be made more quickly. Informa Bernardo de Miguel in Brussels.
Berlin, the dynamic capital of Germany lived on Friday a real first to celebrate International Women's Day. Thanks to a political consensus reached in January by the three political parties that make up the city government -SPD, La Izquierda y los Verdes- Berlin became the first federal state, and the only one in the country, in declare March 8 as a holiday.
The party was used by thousands of people, mostly women, who gathered at Alexanderplatz, to "celebrate, strike and fight", as said by Friederike Benda, an organizer of a massive demonstration that was held under the motto Combat day for women.
The great party caused, nevertheless, an unpublished problem in the capital and in the rest of the country. The federal government with its ministries and other official agencies, such as the famous BND, the foreign espionage agency, did not work, while the rest of the country did, a measure that ultimately did not cause damage to the political and administrative functioning of the country.
Chancellor Angela Merkel and the rest of her ministers did not attend their offices, but they did not show up at the women's demonstration that gathered 10,000 people, according to the organizers. Informa Enrique Müller from Berlin.
Slowly, the feminist mobilization seems to advance in the transalpine country. The president of the Republic, Sergio Mattarella, attended an emotional ceremony in the morning. Multiple demonstrations were called in several cities. In a traditionally very conservative country, the feminist struggle is entrenched in the public agenda.
Turkish police used tear gas and rubber balls on Friday to disperse a massive demonstration for Women's Day in Istanbul, after two hours of peaceful concentration.
The agents launched several broadsides against protesters who had concentrated on Istiklal Avenue, the city's main commercial and leisure artery, to denounce the policies of the Islamist government and patriarchal structures under slogans such as We are not afraid.
The Brazilian who last year questioned that women charged the same as men is today is the president of the country. At the same time, 4,254 Brazilians were murdered, 70% by their partners, in 2018 in the main Latin American country. There were, therefore, reasons to wait crowds in the streets at events convened throughout the country. But in the end, what was seen in those streets were posters, mainly from businesses or institutions, congratulating the women for their day. Then, in São Paulo, a march; shy, small compared to the women against Bolsonaro last September, but still marches, walked Paulista Avenue.
For the first time the face of Marielle Franco, the most famous of those killed in 2018, a councilor from Rio de Janeiro, leftist, black and lesbian, who was shot dead in her car, possibly by a political rival, as an icon of Brazilian patriarchal oppression. But the massive exit to the street will be for another year. Meanwhile, Brazilians earn an average of 20.5% less than men. Inform the writing of EL PAÍS Brasil in São Paulo.
The feminist movement in Argentina has lost a battle, but not the war. Last year, Congress rejected the legal abortion law that was the motor of women's struggle. This 8M, tens of thousands march in Buenos Aires to remind the political class that there is a pending agenda. A large march is expected in front of Congress, convened by dozens of feminist collectives, students, trade unions and social organizations. To the violet color that identifies the 8M in the whole world, the Argentine women added the green of the campaign for the legalization of the abortion and the orange, that demands the separation of the Church and the State. They also asked against femicides: between January and February there were 54 cases.
The wave started in Argentina in June 2015, when the movement Not one less He led a massive mobilization against the murders of women for sexist violence. Since then, the movement has not stopped growing, mainly because the drama has not stopped. Last year, a woman died every 30 hours in the hands of a man, a number traced from previous years. The official statistics office, Indec, presented its own data on violence against women on Thursday. During the last five years there were 242,872 victims, who made 576,360 complaints. 86% of that violence was psychological and 56.3% physical; in seven of every 10 cases, the aggressors had a link with the victim.
Politics has also joined the wave. The president, Mauricio Macri, has regulated the law of gender equality for the policy approved in 2017. The parties must present in the October elections lists with candidates and candidates interspersed and consecutive. On the credit were Macri's promise of 8M last year of a wage parity law. The project collided with the indifference of the Congress.
For that reason, the march in Buenos Aires was the reflection of the pending accounts. Precisely, two cases rekindled the flame for the most critical debate, that of legal abortion. In the previous days, Two pregnant minors are the product of a rape They were forced to give birth by caesarean section in hospitals in the north of the country. Both cases were within the assumptions of non-punishable abortion in force since 1921. Report Federico Rivas in Buenos Aires.
In Mexico City, one of the moments of the afternoon has arrived halfway to the zocalo, the venue for the end of the fiesta. In front of the Palace of Fine Arts, a young woman dressed in white has climbed the monument to Francisco I. Madero, has climbed on the back of his bronze horse and has placed a green handkerchief on his neck. It has not been the only symbol intervened in the march. In one of the placards, a group of women had written: "if Juarez lived with us," in reference to one of the father of the country, Benito Juárez, undisputed reference of the current president, Andrés Manuel López Obrador.
A 100 days to start his term, the only ones who have faced the popular leader has been women. First, for his decision to eliminate the children's stay program; for its peculiar way of burdening the "grandmothers" with the responsibility of taking care of the grandchildren. Second, for failing to erase the budget for shelters that serve battered women.
There have not been as many as in Buenos Aires or Santiago de Chile, but several thousand. The situation of violence against women in the country truffled the chants of the assistants: "The one who does not jump is macho", "Women to power, murderers to prison". With more than 3,000 murders of women registered last year, the government launched a containment plan this week to try to reverse the situation. Informa Pablo Ferri from Mexico City.
International Women's Day has a relatively low profile in the United States, in terms of strikes and demonstrations, but it is present in various spheres of public life, through gestures and accessions. Coinciding with the 8M, for example, the US national women's soccer team, current world champion, has sued for gender discrimination to the national federation. The lawsuit, presented by the 28 players, is a dramatic step in the long battle that the champions have with their employer, the body that governs football in the United States, about wage inequalities and working conditions. And it occurs only three months after the Women's World Cup kicks off in France, a competition in which the United States leaves as a favorite.
In the lawsuit, the players accuse the federation of "institutionalized gender discrimination", not only for salary reasons, but also for other issues such as the places where they play, the frequency with which they do so, the conditions in which they travel and the medical treatment they receive.
In the political sphere, the White House has announced that Donald Trump's upcoming budgets, which are expected to be presented this Monday, will include an allocation of 100 million dollars (89 million euros) for the Global Development and Prosperity Initiative. Women, led by his daughter Ivanka Trump and launched last month. The initiative, Donald Trump said in a presidential message, "is structured to help at least 50 million women in developing countries participate fully and freely in their local economies until 2025."
Some candidates for the primary for the Democratic presidential candidacy of 2020 have sent messages on Twitter for the 8M. "To all the women who have been told not and again and continue to persist: continue like this. You make us stronger ", he has tweetedto Senator Elizabeth Warren. "From the economy to climate change, justice reform and national security, all issues are women's issues, and a key to addressing these challenges is to make sure that women are at the table," she said. Senator and candidate Kamala Harris. A poll published this Friday in Politico reveals differences in the vision on the situation of women among voters of the two major parties. More than 55% of Democratic voters think that men do better than women in the United States. The percentage drops to 20% among Republicans. Informa Pablo Guimón in Washington.