The Minister council has approved the royal decree which regulates self-consumption
electric in Spain, which includes a mechanism to compensate for surplus energy, enables the figure of collective self-consumption, opens the door to take advantage of the energy not consumed by the neighbor and reduces the procedures.
So far, if the self-consumer wanted to obtain compensation for the generated energy that was not consumed instantly and injected into the network, it should be constituted legally as an energy producer, carrying out the procedures and tax declarations required by law.
Under this new decree, the energy marketer will compensate the user for the surplus energy in each monthly invoice.
This mechanism is applicable for those facilities with a power not exceeding 100 kilowatts (kW) - provided that the electricity is of renewable origin - and the economic compensation may reach up to 100% of the energy consumed by the user in that month.
Take advantage of neighborhood surpluses
The royal decree also allows a consumer to take advantage of the surplus of his neighbor and co-participate in self-consumption, if he is not consuming his proportional share of energy.
In addition, self-consumption is allowed both with generation facilities located in the same house, as in others located in the vicinity. For example, photovoltaic panels may be installed in adjacent buildings that have better orientation as long as there is agreement between the parties.
It also promotes the figure of collective self-consumption, which will promote this formula in the communities of owners or in industrial estates.
The text also opens the possibility that all marketers can offer renewable self-consumption services.
The National Commission of Markets and Competition (CNMC), which has validated this measure, will monitor the evolution of the market and may propose to the Government the establishment of restrictions to certain companies if there are competition problems.
Another purpose of the decree is to reduce administrative procedures for all users, which in the case of small consumers (up to 15kW or 100 kW) will be reduced to a single management: notify the installation in the corresponding autonomous community.
For installations with less than 100 kW in low voltage, the administrations will gather information from the installation's electrical certificate, a procedure is articulated for the distributor to modify the access contract for the small consumers that perform self-consumption and Simplify the measurement configurations so that, in most cases, a single meter is enough.
In the case of collective self-consumption, it will also be necessary to measure the energy generated with other equipment to make the distribution of energy among the participants, while from the point of view of industrial safety the low voltage electrotechnical regulation is modified to regulate the devices .
The Government believes that self-consumption will have a positive effect on the economy, the electricity system and consumers, while promoting local employment and compliance with obligations in the fight against climate change.
In this sense, the minister for the Ecological Transition, Teresa Ribera, said, during the presentation of the royal decree in the press conference of the Council of Ministers, that "self-consumption is a reality that extends throughout the European countries "And that, in addition to having positive effects on the evolution of prices, supposes" an evolution of a centralized system reserved for a few with passive consumers ".