September 23, 2020

The declaration of Guatemala calls for sustainable development in Ibero-America

The declaration of Guatemala calls for sustainable development in Ibero-America



Antigua (Guatemala), Nov 16 (EFE) .- The declaration of Guatemala approved today by the presidents assembled at the 26th Ibero-American Summit of Antigua (Guatemala) makes a clear call for the countries of the region to work towards sustainable development and in favor of equality between men and women.

After several days of meetings that began on Monday with those responsible for cooperation in the countries and progressed with the meeting of foreign ministers this Thursday, the leaders of Ibero-America agreed on a declaration that calls for adopting the 2030 development agenda approved in 2015 at the United Nations.

This document calls for "promoting" the "joint action towards the year 2030" creating "synergies" between the cooperation of the region with "the relevant international and regional forums and avoiding duplication of efforts".

The declaration also reflects the migratory situation that crosses the region in two discussed paragraphs these days in Antigua, which demand a common agenda in this matter built "on the mechanisms of integration and dialogue" and incorporates "the capacities of local governments as actors for this strategy. "

The leaders of 22 Ibero-American countries agreed to manage "public policies and international cooperation" to respect "the human rights of all migrants, regardless of their migratory status, and promoting their inclusion in the countries of destination."

Gender equality was another of the most striking aspects of the text that was also very present in the interventions of Ibero-American presidents.

In four broad points it was requested to continue "making efforts to prevent, combat and punish violence against women, in any of its manifestations, in order to ensure their full development, as well as the enjoyment of human rights and their fundamental freedoms" .

In turn, the countries agreed to protect the rights of women and girls, in particular their economic rights "because they are central issues for the achievement of substantive equality between women and men, as well as for sustainable development"

In this area they recognized that in Latin America "there are still important inequality gaps between women and men" and that they "suffer from discrimination that impedes their effective participation in all areas of society, including the economy and decision-making".

In line with the activity of the Ibero-American General Secretariat during the first mandate of its general secretary, the Costa Rican Rebeca Grynspan, agreed to "promote the approval and enforcement of laws that guarantee equality and prohibit discrimination against women in the world of work "

Indigenous and Afro-descendant peoples are also present in the text, where they manifest the need to guarantee access to justice for these people and promote their "empowerment" through "effective public policies that have, for their design, development and implementation, with the substantive participation "of these communities.

Ibero-America also adopted a commitment with people with disabilities to "include them in economic and social life" and promote a "development, integration, inclusion and human rights approach in the formulation of public policies" for this group.

In the field of employment, the leaders decided to promote a "productive development, in alliance with the private sector and with that of the workers, which establishes innovative and sustainable enterprises".

Also "ensure freedom of association, collective bargaining, continuous professional training and social protection of workers."

The Heads of State and Government of Ibero-America agreed to "strengthen transparency in the management of public affairs" and promote initiatives "to fight against the transnational scourge of corruption."

On economy and tourism, the declaration calls for "articulating public policies for the development and management of sustainable and responsible tourism, as a priority State policy", in addition to boosting competitiveness in Ibero-American economies.

The leaders also referred to the need to "significantly increase investment and mutual cooperation" in the field of technology, science and innovation.

Another of the decisions of the leaders was aimed at "attending as a priority human mobility" with "special impact" on mobility between companies, training in practices, entrepreneurs and investors and students.

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