The Government of Spain has established a period of three years to implement a model of payment for use in the Spanish high-capacity network, that is, in all the highways and highways of our country, as part of the Recovery, Transformation and Resilience Plan that the executive sent on May 5 to Brussels.
The intention is to pay for the maintenance of the state highway network. The Government explains that of the 24,466 kilometers of the state network, 12,000 belong to high-capacity roads. This generates increasing costs that «it is not possible that they are directly assumed by budgetary resources»And a maintenance deficit that results in a loss of value.
Most of the major European countries charge tolls on some of their roads. Albania, Estonia, Iceland, Finland, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg and Ukraine, are the only countries with a free road system, while Germany, Belgium, Denmark, the Netherlands and SwedenDespite having a free system, the circulation through some tunnels and bridges has a cost.
Other countries, such as Austria, Bulgaria, Slovakia or Hungary have adapted a bullet system in which, depending on the reason for which you travel, you will pay one rate or another.
Available options and amounts to pay vary by country.
Portugal It is one of the countries that collects the most thanks to tolls. In fact, the government of Antonio Costa managed to raise a total of 1,114 million euros.
There are a large number of automatic tolls for which the user must have the appropriate applications installed on the mobile phone. Nevertheless
, there are still conventional tolls, like those on the Lisbon-Cascais, Lisbon-Oporto, Lisbon-Elvas (very close to the border with Badajoz) and Lisbon-Albufeira (in the Algarve). Rates vary by area.
On the other hand, there is the electronic toll. In order to pay it, it is necessary to register the registration to appear in the list of the so-called ‘virtual prepaid card’.
The 99% of the roads in France are totally free. The highways are operated by private companies, concessionaires, which represent 1% of that national road network and are paid, but with nuances, since in many sections the national highways are managed by the State.
In the entire British country there are only 23 tolls that are located in special sections, such as tunnels and bridges. In fact, 18 of those 23 tolls are located on bridges that span rivers or the sea.
Prices range between 0.80 to 5.6 pounds, and depending on the type of vehicle and the time of day in which they cross, rush hour being the most expensive time slot.
The German high-capacity road network traditionally
it has been financed with the general state budget and it is free to circulate. However, there are some specific tolls on bridges and tunnels for vehicles weighing more than 7.5 tonnes (Germany has had a mandatory toll system for heavy trucks since 2005).
On the other hand, in 2015 a law was approved that introduced tolls only for foreign vehicles.
The motorways of the Austrian network are managed by a consortium of state-owned companies, which is in charge of their conservation through direct payment of the kilometers used by each user. Any type of vehicle pays to use the motorways or tunnels that cross the Alps. A tourist pays on average about seven cents per kilometer traveled. There are discounts and annual bonuses that reduce the price.
The Italian highways are completely free and you only pay for the 6,000 kilometers of motorways. Half of them are managed by Austrade and the others by companies that are part of the Altantia group, controlled by the Benetton family, a group that is a partner of the Spanish ACS in Abertis.
The other half of the toll roads are managed by more than twenty companies. In this way, there are no homogeneous rates and the average cost per kilometer varies depending on the highway, the most expensive being those located on the northern roads, which are more than five euros for 50 kilometers.
There are no motorways or toll roads in Belgium. However, in the tunnel LiefenhoeksIn Antwerp, there is one to cross it. The rate to pay varies according to the height.
In Greece, there are few highways that require tolls: the two main ones that leave the country’s capital, in Athens, one in the direction of the Peloponnese and another to the city of Thessaloniki. There are also tolls on the highway leading to the Athens airport and the price depends on the mileage.