The coronavirus in Spain: maps and latest data on outbreaks and their evolution

Data from the Ministry of Health updated on September 22, 2020.

The new notification system published by the Ministry of Health since May 25 invalidates the previous data series. Check here for more information.

1) Deaths and cases by communities

What are the autonomous communities in which a greater number of cases have been detected? The following map shows the number of infected people confirmed through a PCR test (or by antibodies since May 11) in each community and the percentage they represent of the total number of cases in the country. The size of the square indicates the cases per 100,000 inhabitants.

2) How many cases have been confirmed in 7 days?

The following table shows the total number of confirmed cases, the new cases compared to the previous day and the cases diagnosed in the last week. We have calculated the number of cases per 100,000 inhabitants in relation to the cases diagnosed in the last 7 days.

* Some communities, such as Madrid, report their daily cases late

3) The weekly evolution of the epidemic

To show how the epidemic is currently progressing, we show the evolution of weekly cases as well as deaths, hospitalizations and ICU admissions during the last 7 days for the entire country. The dashed line marks the end of the state of alarm and the beginning of the 'new normal', on June 21.

How is the epidemic evolving now?

Evolution of cases, deaths, hospitalized and those admitted to the ICU accumulated during the last week

Source: Ministry of Health

4) Evolution of new daily cases

How many cases are we detecting now and how many do we detect at the beginning of the epidemic? The following graph compares the number of new daily cases by symptom onset date since February 1. To avoid detection peaks on a specific day, the average of both figures including the last 7 days has also been calculated.

The figures for the last week may be underestimated since many cases that started symptoms in that period may not have been detected by the health authorities.

Evolution of the curve of new cases and deaths in Spain

Evolution of
number of new cases and daily deaths in Spain. The cases are shown by date of onset of symptoms or by date of notification and for the deceased by date of death. Click to see the detail

5) Cumulative incidence, by province

To see how well controlled the pandemic is and to identify possible outbreaks, the following map shows the main variables to see the situation of the epidemic in each province: if the cases are increasing or decreasing, the incidence of cases per inhabitant in the last two weeks, the total number of cases and the incidence of the virus compared to its population.

These data are published by the Carlos III Health Institute (ISCIII) through the National Epidemiological Surveillance Network (RENAVE) and it does so for date of onset of symptoms or the date of diagnosis for asymptomatic cases. As in the previous graph, the data from the last week may be underestimated since the date of onset of symptoms is taken into account and they take a few days to be diagnosed from the contagion.

Source: Instituto Carlos III

6) Confirmed deaths in the last week

The following table shows the total number of people who died with COVID-19 and the deaths reported in the last week. We have calculated the number of deaths per 100,000 inhabitants in the last 7 days. The death figures only include the deceased with a positive in an analytical test.

* Health warns that the change in the notification system applied on May 25 may lead to discrepancies in the figures that will be eliminated as the new series is consolidated.

7) The incidence of the virus in each community

In order to know the degree of penetration of the virus compared to the number of inhabitants, we have calculated the rate of confirmed cases and the number of deaths in each autonomous region per 100,000 inhabitants. Confirmed cases refer to those identified by PCR or antibody tests — in the latter case, only those carried out after May 11 with compatible symptoms are counted.

8) The curve of cases and deaths in each community

The data from the ISCIII collect the number of people who began to suffer symptoms of the disease each day. In this way we can know what has been the evolution of the curve of cases detected in each community. Records indicate that the week of March 14 was key throughout the country. It also shows us in which communities there are sprouts, albeit with a delay. On the other hand, the series of deaths of the Ministry of Health collects the number of people who died each day with coronavirus in each community.

In the graph below you can explore the number of people who started COVID-19 symptoms each day in each autonomous community and the number of deaths affected by the virus. The data is shown with the daily average of the last week.

How has the curve of each autonomous community changed?

Evolution of
number of new cases and daily deaths in each autonomous community. The cases are shown by date of onset of symptoms or by date of notification and for the deceased by date of death. Click to see the detail

Source: Instituto Carlos III (ISCII)

9) Healthcare situation

Are the hospitals saturated? From the 20th of August The Ministry of Health includes in its updates data on the situation of the healthcare capacity in the hospitals of each community. Thus, it is possible to know how many patients with COVID-19 are admitted, both hospitalized and in the ICU, in the last 24 hours. And also how many discharges occurred on the last day (Health has been since May 18 without providing the number of people recovered).

10) Evolution of the cases compared to the PCR tests performed

Tracking the number of tests compared to the cases detected is an indicator of the diagnostic effort being made to detect new cases. When the number of tests is high and the number of cases detected is low, the risk of a significant number of infected people not detected by the health system remains low, and therefore the calculated incidence is reliable. On the other hand, if the number of tests is low and the number of cases is high, the incidence could be underestimated.

Cases diagnosed by PCR tests performed

Evolution of cases detected among the PCR tests performed in comparison with the diagnosed cases weekly

Source: Ministry of Health

11) Diagnostic tests performed

As of September 10, the autonomous communities had notified the Ministry of Health that almost 10 million diagnostic tests had been carried out. Of these, 7.6 were PCR tests (which measure the presence of the virus in the body) and 2.3, antibody tests, the so-called 'rapid tests'.

Some keys about the data

Due to the successive changes in the form of notification of the data in the reports of the Ministry of Health, some keys should be taken into account:

Since May 18, the Ministry of Health has not provided the number of people recovered.

Also from that day on, Health stopped including the number of cases detected by antibody tests in its reports. Thus, the total cases to the cases detected with PCR test.

On Monday, May 25, the daily updates of the Ministry of Health changed again. This change is due to the fact that on May 11 the new strategy for the diagnosis, surveillance and control of the pandemic came into force, by which the autonomous communities must notify the cases to the Ministry individually.

As a consequence of this modification, the report warns, they may appear "discrepancies with respect to the data of total cases previously reported". "This discrepancy could persist for up to several days."

At the moment, and until the Ministry of Health publishes the corrected and updated data series, it is not possible to see the daily evolution, raw, of the advance of the coronavirus in Spain (confirmed, deceased and recovered cases), since the series has been truncated. For this reason, we have removed some graphics that until now we included in this piece. As the CCAES corrects and updates the historical data, we will add new graphs and data analysis to our information.

He August 19, the Health Department began to include a new piece of information in its daily reports: the number of PCR tests carried out in each community (until then, this information was sent in a weekly report).

The next day the 20th of August, Health added a new information panel in its daily updates, that of the 'Situation of care capacity and COVID-19 activity in hospitals', broken down by autonomous communities. This panel includes data on the total number of COVID-19 patients admitted and in the ICU, the percentage of hospital bed occupancy by patients with the disease, the number of admissions and discharges with COVID-19 in the last 24 hours. Health did not provide data on people recovered since May 18 (150,376 in total).


Source link